Complex systems are described according to two central dimensions: (a) the randomness of their output, quantified via entropy; and (b) their complexity, which reflects the organization of a system's generators. Whereas some approaches hold that complexity can be reduced to uncertainty or entropy, an axiomof complexity science is that signals with very high or very low entropy are generated by relatively non-complex systems, while complex systems typically generate outputswith entropy peaking between these two extremes. In understanding their environment, individualswould benefit from coding for both input entropy and complexity; entropy indexes uncertainty and can inform probabilistic coding strategies, whereas complexity reflects a concise and abstract representation of the underlying environmental configuration, which can serve independent purposes, e.g., as a template for generalization and rapid comparisons between environments. Using functional neuroimaging, we demonstrate that, in response to passively processed auditory inputs, functional integration patterns in the human brain track both the entropy and complexity of the auditory signal. Connectivity between several brain regions scaled monotonically with input entropy, suggesting sensitivity to uncertainty, whereas connectivity between other regions tracked entropy in a convex manner consistent with sensitivity to input complexity. These findings suggest that the human brain simultaneously tracks the uncertainty of sensory data and effectively models their environmental generators.
Connectivity in the human brain dissociates entropy and complexity of auditory inputs / Nastase, S.; Iacovella, V.; Davis, James Benjamin; Hasson, Uri. - In: NEUROIMAGE. - ISSN 1053-8119. - 2015:108(2015), pp. 292-300.
|Titolo:||Connectivity in the human brain dissociates entropy and complexity of auditory inputs|
|Autori:||Nastase, S.; Iacovella, V.; Davis, James Benjamin; Hasson, Uri|
|Titolo del periodico:||NEUROIMAGE|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||108|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84921324714|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||25536493|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000349618600030|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.12.048|
|Citazione:||Connectivity in the human brain dissociates entropy and complexity of auditory inputs / Nastase, S.; Iacovella, V.; Davis, James Benjamin; Hasson, Uri. - In: NEUROIMAGE. - ISSN 1053-8119. - 2015:108(2015), pp. 292-300.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|