The laboratory experiments of Gramling et al. (2002) showed that incomplete mixing at the pore scale exerts a significant impact on transport of reactive solutes and that assuming complete mixing leads to overestimation of product concentration in bimolecular reactions. Successively, several attempts have been made to model this experiment, either considering spatial segregation of the reactants, non-Fickian transport applying a Continuous Time Random Walk (CTRW) or an effective upscaled time-dependent kinetic reaction term. Previous analyses of these experimental results showed that, at the Darcy scale, conservative solute transport is well described by a standard advection dispersion equation, which assumes complete mixing at the pore scale. However, reactive transport is significantly affected by incomplete mixing at smaller scales, i.e., within a reference elementary volume (REV). We consider here the family of equilibrium reactions for which the concentration of the reactants and the product can be expressed as a function of the mixing ratio, the concentration of a fictitious non reactive solute. For this type of reactions we propose, in agreement with previous studies, to model the effect of incomplete mixing at scales smaller than the Darcy scale assuming that the mixing ratio is distributed within an REV according to a Beta distribution. We compute the parameters of the Beta model by imposing that the mean concentration is equal to the value that the concentration assumes at the continuum Darcy scale, while the variance decays with time as a power law. We show that our model reproduces the concentration profiles of the reaction product measured in the Gramling et al. (2002) experiments using the transport parameters obtained from conservative experiments and an instantaneous reaction kinetic. The results are obtained applying analytical solutions both for conservative and for reactive solute transport, thereby providing a method to handle the effect of incomplete mixing on multispecies reactive solute transport, which is simpler than other previously developed methods.

Analytical solution for reactive solute transport considering incomplete mixing within a reference elementary volume

Chiogna, Gabriele;Bellin, Alberto
2013-01-01

Abstract

The laboratory experiments of Gramling et al. (2002) showed that incomplete mixing at the pore scale exerts a significant impact on transport of reactive solutes and that assuming complete mixing leads to overestimation of product concentration in bimolecular reactions. Successively, several attempts have been made to model this experiment, either considering spatial segregation of the reactants, non-Fickian transport applying a Continuous Time Random Walk (CTRW) or an effective upscaled time-dependent kinetic reaction term. Previous analyses of these experimental results showed that, at the Darcy scale, conservative solute transport is well described by a standard advection dispersion equation, which assumes complete mixing at the pore scale. However, reactive transport is significantly affected by incomplete mixing at smaller scales, i.e., within a reference elementary volume (REV). We consider here the family of equilibrium reactions for which the concentration of the reactants and the product can be expressed as a function of the mixing ratio, the concentration of a fictitious non reactive solute. For this type of reactions we propose, in agreement with previous studies, to model the effect of incomplete mixing at scales smaller than the Darcy scale assuming that the mixing ratio is distributed within an REV according to a Beta distribution. We compute the parameters of the Beta model by imposing that the mean concentration is equal to the value that the concentration assumes at the continuum Darcy scale, while the variance decays with time as a power law. We show that our model reproduces the concentration profiles of the reaction product measured in the Gramling et al. (2002) experiments using the transport parameters obtained from conservative experiments and an instantaneous reaction kinetic. The results are obtained applying analytical solutions both for conservative and for reactive solute transport, thereby providing a method to handle the effect of incomplete mixing on multispecies reactive solute transport, which is simpler than other previously developed methods.
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Chiogna, Gabriele; Bellin, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/97357
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