Thanks to its rather simply structured but highly performing brain, the honeybee (Apis mellifera) is an important model for neurobiological studies. Therefore there is a great need for new functional imaging modalities adapted to this species. Herein we give a detailed report on the development and performance of a platform for in vivo functional and morphological imaging of the honeybee's brain, focusing on its primary olfactory centres, the antennal lobes (ALs). The experimental setup consists of a two-photon microscope combined with a synchronized odour stimulus generator. Our imaging platform allows to simultaneously obtain both morphological measurements of the ALs functional units, the glomeruli, and in vivo calcium recording of their neural activity. We were able to record the characteristic glomerular response maps to odour stimuli applied to the bee's antennae. Our approach offers several advantages over the commonly used conventional fluorescence microscopy. Two-photon microscopy provides substantial enhancement in both spatial and temporal resolutions, while minimizing photo damage. Calcium recordings show a more than fourfold improvement in the functional signal with respect to the techniques available up to now. Finally, the extended penetration depth, thanks to the infrared excitation, allows the functional imaging of profound glomeruli which have not been optically accessible up to now. © Società Italiana di Fisica.
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|Titolo:||Simultaneous morphological and functional imaging of the honeybee's brain by two-photon microscopy|
|Titolo del periodico:||IL NUOVO CIMENTO C|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||5|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84870428063|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1393/ncc/i2011-10960-4|
|Citazione:||Simultaneous morphological and functional imaging of the honeybee's brain by two-photon microscopy / Haase, Albrecht. - In: IL NUOVO CIMENTO C. - ISSN 2037-4909. - ELETTRONICO. - 34:5(2011), pp. 165-174.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|