V- and N-codoped TiO 2 photo-catalyst is synthesized by sol-gel method to sensitize TiO 2 to visible light. The concentrations of V and N were varied and optimized to enhance photo-catalytic activity. In order to increase the active surface area, the crystalline powder was ball milled to obtain nanosized particles. The photo-catalysts were characterized by Micro-Raman, TEM, XPS and UV-vis (in diffused reflectance mode) techniques. The co-doped TiO 2 photocatalyst displayed narrower band gap (2.3eV) compared to singly doped TiO 2 catalyst, namely V (2at.%)-doped (2.42eV), N (4at.%)-doped (2.95eV), and undoped TiO 2 (3.13eV). The photocatalytic activity for the degradation of Rhodamine B (an organic dye) under visible light irradiation obtained with co-doped TiO 2 photo-catalyst is significantly better as compared to the undoped, V-doped, and N-doped TiO 2. The incorporation of V and N in TiO 2 lattice induces isolated energy levels near the conduction and valence bands, respectively, causing an effective narrowing of the band gap. In addition, due to the low dopants concentrations, these energy levels can also act as traps for photoexcited holes or electrons thus reducing the recombination between photo-generated charges. Both these effects, namely band narrowing and enhanced charge separation produce synergistic effects to increase the photocatalytic activity of V-N-codoped TiO2.
Scheda prodotto non validato
I dati visualizzati non sono stati ancora sottoposti a validazione formale da parte dello Staff di IRIS, ma sono stati ugualmente trasmessi al Sito Docente Cineca (Loginmiur).
|Titolo:||Improved visible light photocatalytic activity of TiO2 co-doped with Vanadium and Nitrogen|
|Autori:||R., Jaiswal; Patel, Nainesh Kantilal; D. C., Kothari; Miotello, Antonio|
|Titolo del periodico:||APPLIED CATALYSIS. B, ENVIRONMENTAL|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84864358228|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000309692900006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.06.030|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|
File in questo prodotto:
|PUBLISHED-PAPER-1.pdf||Articolo principale||Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)||Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)||Administrator|