Alpha-synuclein is a natively unfolded protein widely expressed in neurons at the presynaptic level. It is linked to Parkinson's disease by two lines of evidence: amyloid fibrils of the protein accumulate in patients' brains and three genetic mutants cause autosomal dominant forms of the disease. The biological role of the protein and the mechanisms involved in the etiopathogenesis of Parkinson's disease are still unknown. Membrane binding causes the formation of an amphipathic alpha-helix, which lies on the surface without crossing the bilayer. Recent observations however reported that the application of a voltage induces a pore-like activity of alpha-synuclein. This study aims to characterize the pore forming activity of the protein starting from its monomeric form. In particular, experiments with planar lipid membranes allowed recording of conductance activity bursts with a defined and reproducible fingerprint. Additional experiments with deletion mutants and covalently bound alpha-synuclein dimers were performed to understand both pore assembly and stoichiometry. The information acquired allowed formulation of a model for pore formation at different conductance levels.

Alpha-synuclein pore forming activity upon membrane association

Ricci, Leonardo;Dalla Serra, Mauro
2012

Abstract

Alpha-synuclein is a natively unfolded protein widely expressed in neurons at the presynaptic level. It is linked to Parkinson's disease by two lines of evidence: amyloid fibrils of the protein accumulate in patients' brains and three genetic mutants cause autosomal dominant forms of the disease. The biological role of the protein and the mechanisms involved in the etiopathogenesis of Parkinson's disease are still unknown. Membrane binding causes the formation of an amphipathic alpha-helix, which lies on the surface without crossing the bilayer. Recent observations however reported that the application of a voltage induces a pore-like activity of alpha-synuclein. This study aims to characterize the pore forming activity of the protein starting from its monomeric form. In particular, experiments with planar lipid membranes allowed recording of conductance activity bursts with a defined and reproducible fingerprint. Additional experiments with deletion mutants and covalently bound alpha-synuclein dimers were performed to understand both pore assembly and stoichiometry. The information acquired allowed formulation of a model for pore formation at different conductance levels.
11
Tosatto, L.; Andrighetti, A. O.; Plotegher, N.; Antonini, V.; Tessari, I.; Ricci, Leonardo; Bubacco, L.; Dalla Serra, Mauro
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
BiochimicaBiophysicaActa_2012_1818_2876.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Post-print referato (Refereed author’s manuscript)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 667.95 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
667.95 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/95266
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 41
  • Scopus 73
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 66
social impact