In addition to high catalytic efficiency the catalyst must also comprise important features like high stability in severe conditions, ability to be recycled several times and should have high tolerance against deactivation. This work is oriented specifically to study these properties of already developed efficient transition-metal doped Co-B alloy catalyst. Various transition metals, namely Ni, Fe, Cu, Cr, Mo, and W, were singly added as dopants in Co-B catalyst by chemical reduction of the corresponding metal salts. These alloy catalysts were calcinated, in Ar atmosphere, at 673, 773, and 873 K in order to investigate the stability of the powders at elevated temperatures. The catalytic performances of these treated catalyst powders were tested for H(2) generation by catalytic hydrolysis of sodium borohydride (NaBH(4)). The alloy powders were exposed to ambient condition for several days to test their tolerance against deactivation and self life. After separation from the reaction course and after rinsing, the catalyst powders were tested for several cycles to evaluate the reusability property. The observed changes in the catalytic activity were discussed on the basis of structural and morphological variations. The Co-B catalyst, when doped with Ni, Mo, and W metals showed high stability and resistance against deterioration, as function of both time and use, as compared to Cr- and Fe-doped alloy powders. A much lower performance with respect to calcination temperature, holding time, and number of cycles was established for Cu doped Co-B catalyst powder.
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|Titolo:||Stability, durability, and reusability studies on transition metal-doped Co-B alloy catalysts for hydrogen production|
|Autori:||Fernandes, Rohan Pascal; Patel, Nainesh Kantilal; Miotello, Antonio; R., Jaiswal; D. C., Kothari|
|Titolo del periodico:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-83055194492|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000296208800005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.08.021|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|