Contemporary phospholipid-based cell membranes are formidable barriers to the uptake of polar and charged molecules ranging from metal ions to complex nutrients. Modern cells therefore require sophisticated protein channels and pumps to mediate the exchange of molecules with their environment. The strong barrier function of membranes has made it difficult to understand the origin of cellular life and has been thought to preclude a heterotrophic lifestyle for primitive cells. Although nucleotides can cross dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine membranes through defects formed at the gel-to-liquid transition temperature1,2, phospholipid membranes lack the dynamic properties required for membrane growth. Fatty acids and their corresponding alcohols and glycerol monoesters are attractive candidates for the components of protocell membranes because they are simple amphiphiles that form bilayer membrane vesicles3–5 that retain encapsulated oligonucleotides3,6 and are capable of growth and division7–9. Here we show that such membranes allow the passage of charged molecules such as nucleotides, so that activated nucleotides added to the outside of a model protocell spontaneously cross the membrane and take part in efficient template copying in the protocell interior. The permeability properties of prebiotically plausible membranes suggest that primitive protocells could have acquired complex nutrients from their environment in the absence of any macromolecular transport machinery; that is, they could have been obligate heterotrophs.

Template-directed synthesis of a genetic polymer in a model protocell / Mansy, Sheref Samir; J. P., Schrum; M., Krishnamurthy; S., Tobé; D. A., Treco; J. W., Szostak. - In: NATURE. - ISSN 0028-0836. - STAMPA. - vol. 454:(2008), pp. 122-125. [10.1038/nature07018]

Template-directed synthesis of a genetic polymer in a model protocell

Mansy, Sheref Samir;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Contemporary phospholipid-based cell membranes are formidable barriers to the uptake of polar and charged molecules ranging from metal ions to complex nutrients. Modern cells therefore require sophisticated protein channels and pumps to mediate the exchange of molecules with their environment. The strong barrier function of membranes has made it difficult to understand the origin of cellular life and has been thought to preclude a heterotrophic lifestyle for primitive cells. Although nucleotides can cross dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine membranes through defects formed at the gel-to-liquid transition temperature1,2, phospholipid membranes lack the dynamic properties required for membrane growth. Fatty acids and their corresponding alcohols and glycerol monoesters are attractive candidates for the components of protocell membranes because they are simple amphiphiles that form bilayer membrane vesicles3–5 that retain encapsulated oligonucleotides3,6 and are capable of growth and division7–9. Here we show that such membranes allow the passage of charged molecules such as nucleotides, so that activated nucleotides added to the outside of a model protocell spontaneously cross the membrane and take part in efficient template copying in the protocell interior. The permeability properties of prebiotically plausible membranes suggest that primitive protocells could have acquired complex nutrients from their environment in the absence of any macromolecular transport machinery; that is, they could have been obligate heterotrophs.
2008
Mansy, Sheref Samir; J. P., Schrum; M., Krishnamurthy; S., Tobé; D. A., Treco; J. W., Szostak
Template-directed synthesis of a genetic polymer in a model protocell / Mansy, Sheref Samir; J. P., Schrum; M., Krishnamurthy; S., Tobé; D. A., Treco; J. W., Szostak. - In: NATURE. - ISSN 0028-0836. - STAMPA. - vol. 454:(2008), pp. 122-125. [10.1038/nature07018]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/89307
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