Background information. The ribonucleases (RNases) constitute a heterogeneous group of enzymes, which exert diverse and specific biological functions. Several RNases have been shown to control gene expression and cell differentiation. RNASET2, a novel member of the Rh/T2/S family of RNases, exerts micro-environmental control of malignancy in different experimental models with a general onco-suppressor activity, since it prevents cancer proliferation. Indeed, RNASET2 was found to be downregulated at the transcript level in several primary ovarian tumours or cell lines and inmelanoma cell lines. Although recent works shed light on the biological role of RNASET2 in delaying tumour growth, its trafficking within the cell is still poorly understood. RNASET2 seems to play diverse biological roles including turnover of tRNA in yeast as well as rRNA degradation in zebrafish. Results. Here, we have studied the intracellular trafficking of RNASET2 in mammalian cells. RNASET2 co-localizes with markers for the trans-Golgi network (TGN), which is the central sorting and processing station of the secretory pathway. Moreover, using the temperature-sensitive vesicular stomatitis glycoprotein, we demonstrate that RNASET2 undergoes delivery to the plasma membrane. In contrast to other RNA-interacting proteins, RNASET2 does not accumulate in stress granules upon metabolic stress in mammalian cells. Surprisingly, RNASET2 shows co-localization with processing bodies (P-bodies), which increases upon metabolic stress. Finally, cells lacking RNASET2 show a reduced numbers of P-bodies. Conclusions. In this study, we have identified two distinct cellular pools of RNASET2-containing granules. One pool undergoes membrane delivery using the TGN, and it is released to the extracellular environment. The second pool is recruited into P-bodies, suggesting a possible involvement of RNASET2 in P-body formation in mammalian cells.
Intracellular trafficking of RNASET2, a novel component of P-bodies / Vidalino, L.; Mont, L.; Haase, A.; Moro, A.; Acquati, F.; Taramelli, R.; Macchi, P.. - In: BIOLOGY OF THE CELL. - ISSN 0248-4900. - STAMPA. - 2012:104(2012), pp. 13-21.
|Titolo:||Intracellular trafficking of RNASET2, a novel component of P-bodies.|
|Autori:||Vidalino, L.; Mont, L.; Haase, A.; Moro, A.; Acquati, F.; Taramelli, R.; Macchi, P.|
|Titolo del periodico:||BIOLOGY OF THE CELL|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Numero e parte del fascicolo:||104|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84861798576|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||22188480|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000304650400002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/boc.201100092|
|Citazione:||Intracellular trafficking of RNASET2, a novel component of P-bodies / Vidalino, L.; Mont, L.; Haase, A.; Moro, A.; Acquati, F.; Taramelli, R.; Macchi, P.. - In: BIOLOGY OF THE CELL. - ISSN 0248-4900. - STAMPA. - 2012:104(2012), pp. 13-21.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|
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