We prove the existence of periodic solutions for a planar non-autonomous Hamiltonian system which is a small perturbation of an autonomous system, in the presence of a non-isochronous period annulus. To this aim we use the Poincar\'e-Birkhoff fixed point theorem, even if the boundaries of the annulus are neither assumed to be invariant for the Poincar\'e map, nor to be star-shaped. As a consequence, we show how to deal with the problem of bifurcation of subharmonic solutions near a given nondegenerate periodic solution. In this framework, we only need little regularity assumptions, and we do not need to introduce any Melnikov type functions.
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