Little is known about the UV photobiology of psychrophilic dinoflagellates, particularly in freshwater systems. We addressed the life strategies of Borghiella dodgei Moestrup, Gert. Hansen et Daugbjerg to cope with ambient levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) under cold conditions. Several physiological parameters related to growth, metabolism, and UVR protection were determined for 4 d in UVR-exposed and control cells by applying stable isotope analysis, spectrophotometry, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). In UVR-exposed cells, assimilation of (15)N and (13)C and content of chl a and carotenoids, specifically diatoxanthin with respect to dinoxanthin and diadinoxanthin, were increased; furthermore, catalase activity showed a cyclic pattern with a strong increase after UVR exposure but a rapid return to preexposure levels. Both in UVR-exposed and control cells, no lipid peroxidation of galactolipids was observed. However, in UVR-exposed cells, content of galactolipids was higher and linked to an increase in monogalactosyldiacylglycerols (MGDGs). We concluded that Borghiella's adaptation to UVR depended on a general metabolic enhancement and efficient scavenging of oxygen radicals to mitigate and counteract damage. While Borghiella seemed to be well adapted to ambient UVR, the interactive effects of higher temperature and UVR on psychrophilic species in front of climate change merit further investigation.

Adaptation of a psychrophilic freshwater dinoflagellate to ultraviolet radiation

F. Camin;Guella, Graziano;
2011-01-01

Abstract

Little is known about the UV photobiology of psychrophilic dinoflagellates, particularly in freshwater systems. We addressed the life strategies of Borghiella dodgei Moestrup, Gert. Hansen et Daugbjerg to cope with ambient levels of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) under cold conditions. Several physiological parameters related to growth, metabolism, and UVR protection were determined for 4 d in UVR-exposed and control cells by applying stable isotope analysis, spectrophotometry, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS). In UVR-exposed cells, assimilation of (15)N and (13)C and content of chl a and carotenoids, specifically diatoxanthin with respect to dinoxanthin and diadinoxanthin, were increased; furthermore, catalase activity showed a cyclic pattern with a strong increase after UVR exposure but a rapid return to preexposure levels. Both in UVR-exposed and control cells, no lipid peroxidation of galactolipids was observed. However, in UVR-exposed cells, content of galactolipids was higher and linked to an increase in monogalactosyldiacylglycerols (MGDGs). We concluded that Borghiella's adaptation to UVR depended on a general metabolic enhancement and efficient scavenging of oxygen radicals to mitigate and counteract damage. While Borghiella seemed to be well adapted to ambient UVR, the interactive effects of higher temperature and UVR on psychrophilic species in front of climate change merit further investigation.
47
Obertegger, U.; Camin, F.; Guella, Graziano; Flaim, G.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/88194
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact