We assessed sound localisation abilities of late-implanted adults fitted with a single cochlear implant (CI) and examined whether these abilities are affected by the duration of implant use. Ten prelingually and four postlingually deafened adults who received a unilateral CI were tested in a sound-source identification task. Above chance performance was observed in those prelingual CI recipients who had worn their implant for longer time (9 years on average), revealing some monaural sound localisation abilities in this population but only after extensive CI use. On the contrary, the four postlingual recipients performed equal or better with respect to the best prelingual participants despite shorter experience with the monaural implant (11 months on average). Our findings reveal that some sound localisation ability can emerge in prelingually deafened adults fitted with a single implant, at least in a controlled laboratory setting. This ability, however, appears to emerge only after several years of CI use. Furthermore, the results of four postlingually deafened adults suggest that early experience with auditory cues may result in more rapid acquisition of spatial hearing with a single CI.

Spatial hearing with a single cochlear implant in late-implanted adults

Nava, Elena Hae-kyung;Bottari, Davide;Pavani, Francesco
2009

Abstract

We assessed sound localisation abilities of late-implanted adults fitted with a single cochlear implant (CI) and examined whether these abilities are affected by the duration of implant use. Ten prelingually and four postlingually deafened adults who received a unilateral CI were tested in a sound-source identification task. Above chance performance was observed in those prelingual CI recipients who had worn their implant for longer time (9 years on average), revealing some monaural sound localisation abilities in this population but only after extensive CI use. On the contrary, the four postlingual recipients performed equal or better with respect to the best prelingual participants despite shorter experience with the monaural implant (11 months on average). Our findings reveal that some sound localisation ability can emerge in prelingually deafened adults fitted with a single implant, at least in a controlled laboratory setting. This ability, however, appears to emerge only after several years of CI use. Furthermore, the results of four postlingually deafened adults suggest that early experience with auditory cues may result in more rapid acquisition of spatial hearing with a single CI.
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Nava, Elena Hae-kyung; Bottari, Davide; F., Bonfioli; M. A., Beltrame; Pavani, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/84795
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