A two-dimensional rapidly rotating Bose-Einstein condensate in an anharmonic trap with quadratic and quartic radial confinement is studied analytically with the Thomas-Fermi approximation and numerically with the full time-independent Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The quartic trap potential allows the rotation speed $\Omega$ to exceed the radial harmonic frequency $\omega_\perp$. In the regime $\Omega \gtrsim \omega_\perp$, the condensate contains a dense vortex array (approximated as solid-body rotation for the analytical studies). At a critical angular velocity $\Omega_h$, a central hole appears in the condensate. Numerical studies confirm the predicted value of $\Omega_h$, even for interaction parameters that are not in the Thomas-Fermi limit. The behavior is also investigated at larger angular velocities, where the system is expected to undergo a transition to a giant vortex (with pure irrotational flow).

Rapid Rotation of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in a Harmonic Plus Quartic Trap

Stringari, Sandro
2005

Abstract

A two-dimensional rapidly rotating Bose-Einstein condensate in an anharmonic trap with quadratic and quartic radial confinement is studied analytically with the Thomas-Fermi approximation and numerically with the full time-independent Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The quartic trap potential allows the rotation speed $\Omega$ to exceed the radial harmonic frequency $\omega_\perp$. In the regime $\Omega \gtrsim \omega_\perp$, the condensate contains a dense vortex array (approximated as solid-body rotation for the analytical studies). At a critical angular velocity $\Omega_h$, a central hole appears in the condensate. Numerical studies confirm the predicted value of $\Omega_h$, even for interaction parameters that are not in the Thomas-Fermi limit. The behavior is also investigated at larger angular velocities, where the system is expected to undergo a transition to a giant vortex (with pure irrotational flow).
no. 1
A., Fetter; B., Jackson; Stringari, Sandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/73020
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