X-ray Powder Diffraction is particularly suited to the analysis of nanocrystalline materials. Both structural and microstructural information can nowadays be obtained simultaneously by full pattern processing techniques. Among those, Whole Powder Pattern Modelling (WPPM) outperform most traditional Line Profile Analysis (LPA) techniques by giving a direct interpretation of the diffraction pattern in terms of physical microstructural models. In the present work we illustrate a recent evolution of the WPPM approach, allowing the refinement of a general domain-size distribution not related to any a priori fixed analytical profile or size distribution shape. Besides the description of the new algorithm, we show the results of the analysis of ball-milled synthetic fluorite powders. The new WPPM procedure provides a detailed information on the evolution of the grinding process with time: the decrease and change of shape of the grain size distribution with the milling time is accompanied by a steady increase in defect content. The increase in defects is shown to be a major responsible for the higher reactivity and therefore for the high dissolution rates of ball-milled fluorite powders.

Analysis of polydisperse ball-milled fluorite powders using a full pattern technique

Leoni, Matteo;D'Incau, Mirco;Scardi, Paolo
2006

Abstract

X-ray Powder Diffraction is particularly suited to the analysis of nanocrystalline materials. Both structural and microstructural information can nowadays be obtained simultaneously by full pattern processing techniques. Among those, Whole Powder Pattern Modelling (WPPM) outperform most traditional Line Profile Analysis (LPA) techniques by giving a direct interpretation of the diffraction pattern in terms of physical microstructural models. In the present work we illustrate a recent evolution of the WPPM approach, allowing the refinement of a general domain-size distribution not related to any a priori fixed analytical profile or size distribution shape. Besides the description of the new algorithm, we show the results of the analysis of ball-milled synthetic fluorite powders. The new WPPM procedure provides a detailed information on the evolution of the grinding process with time: the decrease and change of shape of the grain size distribution with the milling time is accompanied by a steady increase in defect content. The increase in defects is shown to be a major responsible for the higher reactivity and therefore for the high dissolution rates of ball-milled fluorite powders.
Leoni, Matteo; G. B., De Giudici; R., Biddau; D'Incau, Mirco; Scardi, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/71432
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