Chemical characterization has been carried out on 67 shards from Dougga (North Tunisia), dated to the Byzantine period (VI–VII century A.D.). They belong to the ceramic classes African Red Slip Ware, Dougga Ware and African cooking Ware. Fourteen elements have been determined by both atomic emission spectroscopy with flame as source (AES) and by using an inductively coupled plasma source (ICP-OES). The data acquired have been treated by statistical techniques in order to define grouping for the examined shards. Both unsupervised and supervised methods have been employed in order to define groups of different pottery shards. As a comparison, some samples (control group) coming from Southern Tunisia have been examined. All the statistical methods employed have evidenced how the control group, as concerns the chemical composition, is clearly distinguishable from Ain Wassel samples which are highly homogeneous. In fact because of the compositional homogeneity of the Northern Tunisia productions, it is difficult to establish a classification and distribution of the samples in well defined cluster. Nevertheless supervised analysis has evidenced how, among the three classes, the African cooking Ware is the more distinguishable one confirming the archaeologists' hypothesis that Dougga Ware is an imitation of African Red Slip Ware.

Application of chemical and chemometric analytical techniques to the study of ancient ceramics from Dougga (Tunisia)

Raaijmakers, Mariette;Polla, Silvia;
2008-01-01

Abstract

Chemical characterization has been carried out on 67 shards from Dougga (North Tunisia), dated to the Byzantine period (VI–VII century A.D.). They belong to the ceramic classes African Red Slip Ware, Dougga Ware and African cooking Ware. Fourteen elements have been determined by both atomic emission spectroscopy with flame as source (AES) and by using an inductively coupled plasma source (ICP-OES). The data acquired have been treated by statistical techniques in order to define grouping for the examined shards. Both unsupervised and supervised methods have been employed in order to define groups of different pottery shards. As a comparison, some samples (control group) coming from Southern Tunisia have been examined. All the statistical methods employed have evidenced how the control group, as concerns the chemical composition, is clearly distinguishable from Ain Wassel samples which are highly homogeneous. In fact because of the compositional homogeneity of the Northern Tunisia productions, it is difficult to establish a classification and distribution of the samples in well defined cluster. Nevertheless supervised analysis has evidenced how, among the three classes, the African cooking Ware is the more distinguishable one confirming the archaeologists' hypothesis that Dougga Ware is an imitation of African Red Slip Ware.
88,2
Raaijmakers, Mariette; P., Fermo; Polla, Silvia; E., Delnevo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/69717
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