We study the effect of spatial variations of river width on bed aggradation and degradation processes, making use of a one-dimensional numerical model of channel morphodynamics. We refer to a peculiar case, the downstream reach of the Kugart River (Kyrgyzstan). The river has been partly channelized in the recent past with the aim of reducing the flooding risk for the surrounding villages; the consequent reduction of channel width in some reaches was also expected to improve channel conveyance with respect to the high sediment load produced in the upper river basin. The resulting longitudinal sequence of relatively sharp channel expansions and contractions has, however, triggered rapid siltation rates, especially in the narrowest reaches. This motivated the application of a 1-D numerical model of river morphodynamics. Abrupt channel expansions are found to be the main driving forces for aggrading processes, which may extend for long distances from where they are generated. In order to obtain a thorough understanding of the morphodynamics of channel expansions, we first apply the model to simple test cases. This allows us to characterize the basic features of the problem and the dependence of bed evolution on the upstream Froude number Fr and on the expansion ratio r(b) which are the most relevant controlling parameters. We invariably find that deposition occurs in expansion regions with bed aggradation observed both upstream and downstream. The deposition prism progressively increases its height and lengthens both in the upstream and downstream directions. The deposition process is particularly intense, in terms of deposition prism height, in super-critical conditions. Moreover, it is found that higher values of Fr strongly reduce the time scale of morphological processes and faster deposition rates are further facilitated by abrupt expansions. The present outcomes are relevant for assessing the expected altimetric response of river bed to the implementation of localized channelization works and to local river widening, a practise which is increasingly being employed within river restoration projects, with the aim of enhancing habitat diversity.

River bed evolution due to channel expansion: general behaviour and application to a case study (Kugart River, Kyrgyz Republic) / Siviglia, Annunziato; R., Repetto; Zolezzi, Guido; Tubino, Marco. - In: RIVER RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 1535-1459. - STAMPA. - 24:9(2008), pp. 1271-1287. [10.1002/rra.1095]

River bed evolution due to channel expansion: general behaviour and application to a case study (Kugart River, Kyrgyz Republic)

Siviglia, Annunziato;Zolezzi, Guido;Tubino, Marco
2008-01-01

Abstract

We study the effect of spatial variations of river width on bed aggradation and degradation processes, making use of a one-dimensional numerical model of channel morphodynamics. We refer to a peculiar case, the downstream reach of the Kugart River (Kyrgyzstan). The river has been partly channelized in the recent past with the aim of reducing the flooding risk for the surrounding villages; the consequent reduction of channel width in some reaches was also expected to improve channel conveyance with respect to the high sediment load produced in the upper river basin. The resulting longitudinal sequence of relatively sharp channel expansions and contractions has, however, triggered rapid siltation rates, especially in the narrowest reaches. This motivated the application of a 1-D numerical model of river morphodynamics. Abrupt channel expansions are found to be the main driving forces for aggrading processes, which may extend for long distances from where they are generated. In order to obtain a thorough understanding of the morphodynamics of channel expansions, we first apply the model to simple test cases. This allows us to characterize the basic features of the problem and the dependence of bed evolution on the upstream Froude number Fr and on the expansion ratio r(b) which are the most relevant controlling parameters. We invariably find that deposition occurs in expansion regions with bed aggradation observed both upstream and downstream. The deposition prism progressively increases its height and lengthens both in the upstream and downstream directions. The deposition process is particularly intense, in terms of deposition prism height, in super-critical conditions. Moreover, it is found that higher values of Fr strongly reduce the time scale of morphological processes and faster deposition rates are further facilitated by abrupt expansions. The present outcomes are relevant for assessing the expected altimetric response of river bed to the implementation of localized channelization works and to local river widening, a practise which is increasingly being employed within river restoration projects, with the aim of enhancing habitat diversity.
2008
9
Siviglia, Annunziato; R., Repetto; Zolezzi, Guido; Tubino, Marco
River bed evolution due to channel expansion: general behaviour and application to a case study (Kugart River, Kyrgyz Republic) / Siviglia, Annunziato; R., Repetto; Zolezzi, Guido; Tubino, Marco. - In: RIVER RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 1535-1459. - STAMPA. - 24:9(2008), pp. 1271-1287. [10.1002/rra.1095]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/69221
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