In human perception, exogenous noise is known to yield a masking effect, i.e. an increase of the perceptual threshold relative to a stimulus acting on the same modality. However, somehow counter-intuitively, the opposite mechanism can occasionally occur: a decrease of the perceptual threshold for a non-vanishing, virtuous amount of noise. This mechanism, called stochastic resonance, is deemed to provide important information about the role of noise in the human brain. In this paper, we investigate stochastic resonance in a detection task in the auditory modality. Normal-hearing participants were asked to judge the presence of acoustic stimuli of different intensity and superimposed to different levels of white noise. The matrix-like outcomes of a behavioural experiment were fitted by a two-dimensional, noise-dependent psychometric function. The fit revealed a statistically significant stochastic resonance in 43% of the experimental runs. We conclude that, in the auditory modality, stochastic resonance is a tiny effect that, under conventional circumstances, is largely overrun by standard masking.

Statistically robust evidence of stochastic resonance in human auditory perceptual system / Tabarelli, Davide; Vilardi, Andrea; Begliomini, Chiara; Pavani, Francesco; Turatto, Massimo; Ricci, Leonardo. - In: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. B, CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS. - ISSN 1434-6028. - ELETTRONICO. - 69:(2009), pp. 155-159. [10.1140/epjb/e2009-00107-6]

Statistically robust evidence of stochastic resonance in human auditory perceptual system

Tabarelli, Davide;Vilardi, Andrea;Begliomini, Chiara;Pavani, Francesco;Turatto, Massimo;Ricci, Leonardo
2009

Abstract

In human perception, exogenous noise is known to yield a masking effect, i.e. an increase of the perceptual threshold relative to a stimulus acting on the same modality. However, somehow counter-intuitively, the opposite mechanism can occasionally occur: a decrease of the perceptual threshold for a non-vanishing, virtuous amount of noise. This mechanism, called stochastic resonance, is deemed to provide important information about the role of noise in the human brain. In this paper, we investigate stochastic resonance in a detection task in the auditory modality. Normal-hearing participants were asked to judge the presence of acoustic stimuli of different intensity and superimposed to different levels of white noise. The matrix-like outcomes of a behavioural experiment were fitted by a two-dimensional, noise-dependent psychometric function. The fit revealed a statistically significant stochastic resonance in 43% of the experimental runs. We conclude that, in the auditory modality, stochastic resonance is a tiny effect that, under conventional circumstances, is largely overrun by standard masking.
Tabarelli, Davide; Vilardi, Andrea; Begliomini, Chiara; Pavani, Francesco; Turatto, Massimo; Ricci, Leonardo
Statistically robust evidence of stochastic resonance in human auditory perceptual system / Tabarelli, Davide; Vilardi, Andrea; Begliomini, Chiara; Pavani, Francesco; Turatto, Massimo; Ricci, Leonardo. - In: THE EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL. B, CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS. - ISSN 1434-6028. - ELETTRONICO. - 69:(2009), pp. 155-159. [10.1140/epjb/e2009-00107-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/62455
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