Early budburst is becoming an increasingly challenging topic in viticulture. Anticipating vegetative resume results in an overall phenological advance, in potential higher risks of late frost and subsequent negative effects on berry quality and overall vine productivity. Phenotypic variation for date of budburst onset (BBCH07) is known in Vitis vinifera and potential exploitation of data regarding thermal requests to reach BBCH07 are critical in defining new avenues for viticulture. Nevertheless, reproducible methods are lacking in defining phenological progression in grapevine and further efforts are needed to standardize quantitative dataset associated with early growth stages appearance. In this work, a panel of twenty-one Vitis vinifera varieties grown in an experimental vineyard were assessed for early phenological onset (pre-to-post budburst) via visual observation, quantum yield of photosystem II in the dark adapted (Fv/Fm) bud section and growing degree days accumulation over three years. Further experiments were carried out under controlled environmental conditions to evaluate the effect of different simulated late frost on bud viability. Our data proposes Fv/Fm from bud section as a quantitative and reliable tool, although destructive following our pipeline, to monitor early phenological events in grapevine with significant non-linear associations of the Fv/Fm with growing degree days on base 6 °C (GDD6) and phenology. We observed significant (p < 0.001) inter-varietal variation for thermal requests to reach budburst ranking from 140 to 260 GDD6 although some varieties showed inconsistent data between years (i.e. a plastic response). Late frost damage was associated with phenological progression suggesting a linear and positive correlation between cold injury and de-acclimation from cold hardiness up until first leaf appearance. However, monitoring Fv/Fm in selected varieties provided evidence of varietal-specific response to late frost with e.g., Chardonnay and Gewürztraminer showing maintenance of photosystem II activity even at advanced phenological stages. This suggests the presence of preferable acclimation mechanisms to late frost in Vitis vinifera that will deserve further investigation. Our data provides a comprehensive analysis of early phenological events in grapevine, providing novel methods of assessment (Fv/Fm), varieties possessing escape strategies (i.e. large thermal accumulation to reach BBCH07) and varieties with putative late frost tolerance even after budburst. Overall, further work is ongoing to define the mechanisms underlying late frost tolerance per se and to identify novel varieties with preferable combination of traits.

Dynamic of bud ecodormancy release in Vitis vinifera: Genotypic variation and late frost tolerance traits monitored via chlorophyll fluorescence emission / Faralli, Michele; Martintoni, Samuel; Dotti Giberti, Francesco; Bertamini, Massimo. - 2024, 333:(2024), pp. 11316901-11316910. [10.1016/j.scienta.2024.113169]

Dynamic of bud ecodormancy release in Vitis vinifera: Genotypic variation and late frost tolerance traits monitored via chlorophyll fluorescence emission

Faralli, Michele
;
Bertamini, Massimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Early budburst is becoming an increasingly challenging topic in viticulture. Anticipating vegetative resume results in an overall phenological advance, in potential higher risks of late frost and subsequent negative effects on berry quality and overall vine productivity. Phenotypic variation for date of budburst onset (BBCH07) is known in Vitis vinifera and potential exploitation of data regarding thermal requests to reach BBCH07 are critical in defining new avenues for viticulture. Nevertheless, reproducible methods are lacking in defining phenological progression in grapevine and further efforts are needed to standardize quantitative dataset associated with early growth stages appearance. In this work, a panel of twenty-one Vitis vinifera varieties grown in an experimental vineyard were assessed for early phenological onset (pre-to-post budburst) via visual observation, quantum yield of photosystem II in the dark adapted (Fv/Fm) bud section and growing degree days accumulation over three years. Further experiments were carried out under controlled environmental conditions to evaluate the effect of different simulated late frost on bud viability. Our data proposes Fv/Fm from bud section as a quantitative and reliable tool, although destructive following our pipeline, to monitor early phenological events in grapevine with significant non-linear associations of the Fv/Fm with growing degree days on base 6 °C (GDD6) and phenology. We observed significant (p < 0.001) inter-varietal variation for thermal requests to reach budburst ranking from 140 to 260 GDD6 although some varieties showed inconsistent data between years (i.e. a plastic response). Late frost damage was associated with phenological progression suggesting a linear and positive correlation between cold injury and de-acclimation from cold hardiness up until first leaf appearance. However, monitoring Fv/Fm in selected varieties provided evidence of varietal-specific response to late frost with e.g., Chardonnay and Gewürztraminer showing maintenance of photosystem II activity even at advanced phenological stages. This suggests the presence of preferable acclimation mechanisms to late frost in Vitis vinifera that will deserve further investigation. Our data provides a comprehensive analysis of early phenological events in grapevine, providing novel methods of assessment (Fv/Fm), varieties possessing escape strategies (i.e. large thermal accumulation to reach BBCH07) and varieties with putative late frost tolerance even after budburst. Overall, further work is ongoing to define the mechanisms underlying late frost tolerance per se and to identify novel varieties with preferable combination of traits.
2024
Faralli, Michele; Martintoni, Samuel; Dotti Giberti, Francesco; Bertamini, Massimo
Dynamic of bud ecodormancy release in Vitis vinifera: Genotypic variation and late frost tolerance traits monitored via chlorophyll fluorescence emission / Faralli, Michele; Martintoni, Samuel; Dotti Giberti, Francesco; Bertamini, Massimo. - 2024, 333:(2024), pp. 11316901-11316910. [10.1016/j.scienta.2024.113169]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/410297
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