Freshwater algae exhibit complex dynamics, particularly in meso-oligotrophic lakes with sudden and dramatic increases in algal biomass following long periods of low background concentration. While the fundamental prerequisites for algal blooms, namely light and nutrient availability, are well-known, their specific causation involves an intricate chain of conditions. Here we examine a recent massive Uroglena bloom in Lake Geneva (Switzerland/France). We show that a certain sequence of meteorological conditions triggered this specific algal bloom event: heavy rainfall promoting excessive organic matter and nutrients loading, followed by wind-induced coastal upwelling, and a prolonged period of warm, calm weather. The combination of satellite remote sensing, in-situ measurements, ad-hoc biogeochemical analyses, and three-dimensional modeling proved invaluable in unraveling the complex dynamics of algal blooms highlighting the substantial role of littoral-pelagic connectivities in large low-nutrient lakes. These findings underscore the advantages of state-of-the-art multidisciplinary approaches for an improved understanding of dynamic systems as a whole.

Combined Earth Observations Reveal the Sequence of Conditions Leading to a Large Algal Bloom in Lake Geneva / Irani Rahaghi, A.; Odermatt, D.; Anneville, O.; Sepúlveda Steiner, O.; Reiss, R. S.; Amadori, M.; Toffolon, M.; Jacquet, S.; Harmel, T.; Werther, M.; Soulignac, F.; Dambrine, E.; Jézéquel, D.; Hatté, C.; Tran-Khac, V.; Rasconi, S.; Rimet, F.; Bouffard, D.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS EARTH & ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 2662-4435. - 2024, 5:229:(2024), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s43247-024-01351-5]

Combined Earth Observations Reveal the Sequence of Conditions Leading to a Large Algal Bloom in Lake Geneva

Amadori M.;Toffolon M.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Freshwater algae exhibit complex dynamics, particularly in meso-oligotrophic lakes with sudden and dramatic increases in algal biomass following long periods of low background concentration. While the fundamental prerequisites for algal blooms, namely light and nutrient availability, are well-known, their specific causation involves an intricate chain of conditions. Here we examine a recent massive Uroglena bloom in Lake Geneva (Switzerland/France). We show that a certain sequence of meteorological conditions triggered this specific algal bloom event: heavy rainfall promoting excessive organic matter and nutrients loading, followed by wind-induced coastal upwelling, and a prolonged period of warm, calm weather. The combination of satellite remote sensing, in-situ measurements, ad-hoc biogeochemical analyses, and three-dimensional modeling proved invaluable in unraveling the complex dynamics of algal blooms highlighting the substantial role of littoral-pelagic connectivities in large low-nutrient lakes. These findings underscore the advantages of state-of-the-art multidisciplinary approaches for an improved understanding of dynamic systems as a whole.
2024
Irani Rahaghi, A.; Odermatt, D.; Anneville, O.; Sepúlveda Steiner, O.; Reiss, R. S.; Amadori, M.; Toffolon, M.; Jacquet, S.; Harmel, T.; Werther, M.; Soulignac, F.; Dambrine, E.; Jézéquel, D.; Hatté, C.; Tran-Khac, V.; Rasconi, S.; Rimet, F.; Bouffard, D.
Combined Earth Observations Reveal the Sequence of Conditions Leading to a Large Algal Bloom in Lake Geneva / Irani Rahaghi, A.; Odermatt, D.; Anneville, O.; Sepúlveda Steiner, O.; Reiss, R. S.; Amadori, M.; Toffolon, M.; Jacquet, S.; Harmel, T.; Werther, M.; Soulignac, F.; Dambrine, E.; Jézéquel, D.; Hatté, C.; Tran-Khac, V.; Rasconi, S.; Rimet, F.; Bouffard, D.. - In: COMMUNICATIONS EARTH & ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 2662-4435. - 2024, 5:229:(2024), pp. 1-12. [10.1038/s43247-024-01351-5]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/409910
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