Historically, the admission of hematological patients in the ICU shortly after the start of a critical illness is associated with better survival rates. Early intensive interventions administered by MET could play a role in the management of hematological critically ill patients, eventually reducing the ICU admission rate. In this retrospective and monocentric study, we evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intensive treatments administered by the MET in a medical ward frame. The administered interventions were mainly helmet CPAP and pharmacological cardiovascular support. Frequent reassessment by the MET at least every 8 to 12 h was guaranteed. We analyzed data from 133 hematological patients who required MET intervention. In-hospital mortality was 38%; mortality does not increase in patients not immediately transferred to the ICU. Only three patients died without a former admission to the ICU; in these cases, mortality was not related to the acute illness. Moreover, 37% of patients overcame the critical episode in the hematological ward. Higher SOFA and MEWS scores were associated with a worse survival rate, while neutropenia and pharmacological immunosuppression were not. The MET approach seems to be safe and effective. SOFA and MEWS were confirmed to be effective tools for prognostication.

Safety and Effectiveness of Intensive Treatments Administered Outside the Intensive Care Unit to Hematological Critically Ill Patients: An Intensive Care without Walls Trial / Vergnano, Beatrice; Signori, Davide; Benini, Annalisa; Calcinati, Serena; Bettini, Francesca; Verga, Luisa; Borin, Lorenza Maria; Cavalca, Fabrizio; Gambacorti-Passerini, Carlo; Bellani, Giacomo; Foti, Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 12:19(2023), pp. 628101-628110. [10.3390/jcm12196281]

Safety and Effectiveness of Intensive Treatments Administered Outside the Intensive Care Unit to Hematological Critically Ill Patients: An Intensive Care without Walls Trial

Bellani, Giacomo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Historically, the admission of hematological patients in the ICU shortly after the start of a critical illness is associated with better survival rates. Early intensive interventions administered by MET could play a role in the management of hematological critically ill patients, eventually reducing the ICU admission rate. In this retrospective and monocentric study, we evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intensive treatments administered by the MET in a medical ward frame. The administered interventions were mainly helmet CPAP and pharmacological cardiovascular support. Frequent reassessment by the MET at least every 8 to 12 h was guaranteed. We analyzed data from 133 hematological patients who required MET intervention. In-hospital mortality was 38%; mortality does not increase in patients not immediately transferred to the ICU. Only three patients died without a former admission to the ICU; in these cases, mortality was not related to the acute illness. Moreover, 37% of patients overcame the critical episode in the hematological ward. Higher SOFA and MEWS scores were associated with a worse survival rate, while neutropenia and pharmacological immunosuppression were not. The MET approach seems to be safe and effective. SOFA and MEWS were confirmed to be effective tools for prognostication.
2023
19
Vergnano, Beatrice; Signori, Davide; Benini, Annalisa; Calcinati, Serena; Bettini, Francesca; Verga, Luisa; Borin, Lorenza Maria; Cavalca, Fabrizio; G...espandi
Safety and Effectiveness of Intensive Treatments Administered Outside the Intensive Care Unit to Hematological Critically Ill Patients: An Intensive Care without Walls Trial / Vergnano, Beatrice; Signori, Davide; Benini, Annalisa; Calcinati, Serena; Bettini, Francesca; Verga, Luisa; Borin, Lorenza Maria; Cavalca, Fabrizio; Gambacorti-Passerini, Carlo; Bellani, Giacomo; Foti, Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 12:19(2023), pp. 628101-628110. [10.3390/jcm12196281]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/408751
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