When infants start mastering their first language, they may start to notice when words are used incorrectly. Around 14-months of age, infants detect incorrect labeling when they are presented with an object which is labeled while still visible. However, things that are referred to are often out of sight when we communicate about them. The present study examined infants’ detection of semantic mismatch when the object was occluded at the time of labeling. Specifically, we investigated whether mislabeling that referred to an occluded object could elicit a semantic mismatch. We showed 14-month-old Danish-speaking infants events where an onscreen agent showed an object and then hid it in a box. This was followed by another agent’s hand pointing at the box, and a concurrent auditory category label played, which either matched or did not match the hidden object. Our results indicate that there is an effect of semantic mismatch with a larger negativity in incongruent trials. Thus, infants detected a mismatch, as indicated by a larger n400, when occluded objects were mislabeled. This finding suggests that infants can sustain an object representation in memory and compare it to a semantic representation of an auditory category label.

14-month-old infants detect a semantic mismatch when occluded objects are mislabeled / Kampis, Dora; Askitis, Dimitris; Poulsen, Emilie; Parise, Eugenio; Southgate, Victoria. - In: INFANCY. - ISSN 1525-0008. - 2024:(2024). [10.1111/infa.12597]

14-month-old infants detect a semantic mismatch when occluded objects are mislabeled

Parise, Eugenio
Penultimo
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

When infants start mastering their first language, they may start to notice when words are used incorrectly. Around 14-months of age, infants detect incorrect labeling when they are presented with an object which is labeled while still visible. However, things that are referred to are often out of sight when we communicate about them. The present study examined infants’ detection of semantic mismatch when the object was occluded at the time of labeling. Specifically, we investigated whether mislabeling that referred to an occluded object could elicit a semantic mismatch. We showed 14-month-old Danish-speaking infants events where an onscreen agent showed an object and then hid it in a box. This was followed by another agent’s hand pointing at the box, and a concurrent auditory category label played, which either matched or did not match the hidden object. Our results indicate that there is an effect of semantic mismatch with a larger negativity in incongruent trials. Thus, infants detected a mismatch, as indicated by a larger n400, when occluded objects were mislabeled. This finding suggests that infants can sustain an object representation in memory and compare it to a semantic representation of an auditory category label.
2024
Kampis, Dora; Askitis, Dimitris; Poulsen, Emilie; Parise, Eugenio; Southgate, Victoria
14-month-old infants detect a semantic mismatch when occluded objects are mislabeled / Kampis, Dora; Askitis, Dimitris; Poulsen, Emilie; Parise, Eugenio; Southgate, Victoria. - In: INFANCY. - ISSN 1525-0008. - 2024:(2024). [10.1111/infa.12597]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/407650
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