This work presents the successful preparation and characterization of polylactide/ poly(propylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PLA/PPF) and polylactide/poly(butylene 2,5-furandicarbox ylate) (PLA/PBF) blends in form of bulk and fiber samples and investigates the influence of poly(alkylene furanoate) (PAF) concentration (0 to 20 wt%) and compatibilization on the physical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Both blend types, although immiscible, are successfully compatibilized by Joncryl (J), which improves the interfacial adhesion and reduces the size of PPF and PBF domains. Mechanical tests on bulk samples show that only PBF is able to effectively toughen PLA, as PLA/PBF blends with 5–10 wt% PBF showed a distinct yield point, remarkable necking propagation, and increased strain at break (up to 55%), while PPF did not show significant plasticizing effects. The toughening ability of PBF is attributed to its lower glass transition temperature and greater toughness than PPF. For fiber samples, increasing the PPF and PBF amount improves the elastic modulus and mechanical strength, particularly for PBF-containing fibers collected at higher take-up speeds. Remarkably, in fiber samples, plasticizing effects are observed for both PPF and PBF, with significantly higher strain at break values compared to neat PLA (up to 455%), likely due to a further microstructural homogenization, enhanced compatibility, and load transfer between PLA and PAF phases following the fiber spinning process. SEM analysis confirms the deformation of PPF domains, which is probably due to a “plastic–rubber” transition during tensile testing. The orientation and possible crystallization of PPF and PBF domains contribute to increased tensile strength and elastic modulus. This work showcases the potential of PPF and PBF in tailoring the thermo-mechanical properties of PLA in both bulk and fiber forms, expanding their applications in the packaging and textile industry.

Toughening Effect of 2,5-Furandicaboxylate Polyesters on Polylactide-Based Renewable Fibers / Fredi, Giulia; Zonta, Edoardo; Dussin, Alessandro; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N.; Papageorgiou, George Z.; Fambri, Luca; Dorigato, Andrea. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 28:12(2023), p. 4811. [10.3390/molecules28124811]

Toughening Effect of 2,5-Furandicaboxylate Polyesters on Polylactide-Based Renewable Fibers

Fredi, Giulia
Primo
;
Zonta, Edoardo
Secondo
;
Dussin, Alessandro;Fambri, Luca
Penultimo
;
Dorigato, Andrea
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

This work presents the successful preparation and characterization of polylactide/ poly(propylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PLA/PPF) and polylactide/poly(butylene 2,5-furandicarbox ylate) (PLA/PBF) blends in form of bulk and fiber samples and investigates the influence of poly(alkylene furanoate) (PAF) concentration (0 to 20 wt%) and compatibilization on the physical, thermal, and mechanical properties. Both blend types, although immiscible, are successfully compatibilized by Joncryl (J), which improves the interfacial adhesion and reduces the size of PPF and PBF domains. Mechanical tests on bulk samples show that only PBF is able to effectively toughen PLA, as PLA/PBF blends with 5–10 wt% PBF showed a distinct yield point, remarkable necking propagation, and increased strain at break (up to 55%), while PPF did not show significant plasticizing effects. The toughening ability of PBF is attributed to its lower glass transition temperature and greater toughness than PPF. For fiber samples, increasing the PPF and PBF amount improves the elastic modulus and mechanical strength, particularly for PBF-containing fibers collected at higher take-up speeds. Remarkably, in fiber samples, plasticizing effects are observed for both PPF and PBF, with significantly higher strain at break values compared to neat PLA (up to 455%), likely due to a further microstructural homogenization, enhanced compatibility, and load transfer between PLA and PAF phases following the fiber spinning process. SEM analysis confirms the deformation of PPF domains, which is probably due to a “plastic–rubber” transition during tensile testing. The orientation and possible crystallization of PPF and PBF domains contribute to increased tensile strength and elastic modulus. This work showcases the potential of PPF and PBF in tailoring the thermo-mechanical properties of PLA in both bulk and fiber forms, expanding their applications in the packaging and textile industry.
2023
12
Fredi, Giulia; Zonta, Edoardo; Dussin, Alessandro; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N.; Papageorgiou, George Z.; Fambri, Luca; Dorigato, Andrea
Toughening Effect of 2,5-Furandicaboxylate Polyesters on Polylactide-Based Renewable Fibers / Fredi, Giulia; Zonta, Edoardo; Dussin, Alessandro; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N.; Papageorgiou, George Z.; Fambri, Luca; Dorigato, Andrea. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 28:12(2023), p. 4811. [10.3390/molecules28124811]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/407214
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