Starting from the insights of social identity theory and social exchange theory, the present study aimed to understand how social support and organizational identification relate to work engagement. Moreover, it sought to verify if social support and organizational identification interact with each other to explain work engagement three months later. A longitudinal study was conducted on a sample of 150 employees, in which organizational identification, social support, and work engagement were measured through a questionnaire. The results show that when employees can count on their supervisors’ and colleagues’ support, they will be more engaged in their work. In addition, when an employee strongly identifies with their organization, the employee’s evaluation of the social support received from colleagues and supervisors becomes less critical in determining their work engagement. These results confirm our hypotheses and extend the findings of previous research on withdrawal behaviors. From a practical point of view, it seems important for organizations to invest in increasing identification, as well as in building a high-quality social exchange relationship, especially when levels of organizational identification are low or decreasing.

Building Work Engagement in Organizations: A Longitudinal Study Combining Social Exchange and Social Identity Theories / Simbula, Silvia; Margheritti, Simona; Avanzi, Lorenzo. - In: BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-328X. - 13:2(2023), p. 83. [10.3390/bs13020083]

Building Work Engagement in Organizations: A Longitudinal Study Combining Social Exchange and Social Identity Theories

Avanzi, Lorenzo
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Starting from the insights of social identity theory and social exchange theory, the present study aimed to understand how social support and organizational identification relate to work engagement. Moreover, it sought to verify if social support and organizational identification interact with each other to explain work engagement three months later. A longitudinal study was conducted on a sample of 150 employees, in which organizational identification, social support, and work engagement were measured through a questionnaire. The results show that when employees can count on their supervisors’ and colleagues’ support, they will be more engaged in their work. In addition, when an employee strongly identifies with their organization, the employee’s evaluation of the social support received from colleagues and supervisors becomes less critical in determining their work engagement. These results confirm our hypotheses and extend the findings of previous research on withdrawal behaviors. From a practical point of view, it seems important for organizations to invest in increasing identification, as well as in building a high-quality social exchange relationship, especially when levels of organizational identification are low or decreasing.
2023
2
Simbula, Silvia; Margheritti, Simona; Avanzi, Lorenzo
Building Work Engagement in Organizations: A Longitudinal Study Combining Social Exchange and Social Identity Theories / Simbula, Silvia; Margheritti, Simona; Avanzi, Lorenzo. - In: BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-328X. - 13:2(2023), p. 83. [10.3390/bs13020083]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/407129
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