Disorder-free localization is a recently discovered phenomenon of nonergodicity that can emerge in quantum many-body systems hosting gauge symmetries when the initial state is prepared in a superposition of gauge superselection sectors. Thermalization is then prevented up to all accessible evolution times despite the model being nonintegrable and translation invariant. In a recent work [Halimeh et al., arXiv:2111.02427 (2021)], it has been shown that terms linear in the gauge-symmetry generator stabilize disorder-free localization in U(1) gauge theories against gauge errors that couple different superselection sectors. Here, we show in the case of Z2 gauge theories that disorder-free localization can not only be stabilized, but also enhanced by the addition of translation-invariant terms linear in a local Z2 pseudogenerator that acts identically to the full generator in a single superselection sector, but not necessarily outside of it. We show analytically and numerically how this leads through the quantum Zeno effect to the dynamical emergence of a renormalized gauge theory with an enhanced local symmetry, which contains the Z2 gauge symmetry of the ideal model, associated with the Z2 pseudogenerator. The resulting proliferation of superselection sectors due to this dynamically emergent gauge theory creates an effective disorder greater than that in the original model, thereby enhancing disorder-free localization. We demonstrate the experimental feasibility of the Z2 pseudogenerator by providing a detailed readily implementable experimental proposal for the observation of disorder-free localization in a Rydberg setup.

Enhancing Disorder-Free Localization through Dynamically Emergent Local Symmetries / Halimeh, Jad C.; Homeier, Lukas; Zhao, Hongzheng; Bohrdt, Annabelle; Grusdt, Fabian; Hauke, Philipp; Knolle, Johannes. - In: PRX QUANTUM. - ISSN 2691-3399. - 3:2(2022), p. 020345. [10.1103/PRXQuantum.3.020345]

Enhancing Disorder-Free Localization through Dynamically Emergent Local Symmetries

Hauke, Philipp
Penultimo
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Disorder-free localization is a recently discovered phenomenon of nonergodicity that can emerge in quantum many-body systems hosting gauge symmetries when the initial state is prepared in a superposition of gauge superselection sectors. Thermalization is then prevented up to all accessible evolution times despite the model being nonintegrable and translation invariant. In a recent work [Halimeh et al., arXiv:2111.02427 (2021)], it has been shown that terms linear in the gauge-symmetry generator stabilize disorder-free localization in U(1) gauge theories against gauge errors that couple different superselection sectors. Here, we show in the case of Z2 gauge theories that disorder-free localization can not only be stabilized, but also enhanced by the addition of translation-invariant terms linear in a local Z2 pseudogenerator that acts identically to the full generator in a single superselection sector, but not necessarily outside of it. We show analytically and numerically how this leads through the quantum Zeno effect to the dynamical emergence of a renormalized gauge theory with an enhanced local symmetry, which contains the Z2 gauge symmetry of the ideal model, associated with the Z2 pseudogenerator. The resulting proliferation of superselection sectors due to this dynamically emergent gauge theory creates an effective disorder greater than that in the original model, thereby enhancing disorder-free localization. We demonstrate the experimental feasibility of the Z2 pseudogenerator by providing a detailed readily implementable experimental proposal for the observation of disorder-free localization in a Rydberg setup.
2022
2
Halimeh, Jad C.; Homeier, Lukas; Zhao, Hongzheng; Bohrdt, Annabelle; Grusdt, Fabian; Hauke, Philipp; Knolle, Johannes
Enhancing Disorder-Free Localization through Dynamically Emergent Local Symmetries / Halimeh, Jad C.; Homeier, Lukas; Zhao, Hongzheng; Bohrdt, Annabelle; Grusdt, Fabian; Hauke, Philipp; Knolle, Johannes. - In: PRX QUANTUM. - ISSN 2691-3399. - 3:2(2022), p. 020345. [10.1103/PRXQuantum.3.020345]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/403709
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