Four-month-olds’ ability to consider the intentions of agents performing distributive actions was investigated in four experiments, using the Violation of Expectation paradigm (VoE) (Experiments 1–3) and the Preferential Looking paradigm (Experiment 4). In Experiment 1, infants were presented with two events showing two types of failed attempts to perform a distribution. In an attempt to distribute fairly, the distributor first tried to reach one of the recipients to deliver an apple, he failed, and then attempted to reach the other recipient to deliver a second apple and also failed. In an attempt to distribute unfairly, a different distributor tried unsuccessfully to bring resources always to the same recipient. Infants looked reliably longer at failed fair distribution events, suggesting that they did not just react to the actions outcomes and they attended to agents' intentions. Experiments 2 and 3 assessed alternative explanations based on perceptual factors or affiliative behaviors. In Experiment 4, during the test trials, infants were shown both distributors simultaneously and they preferred to look at the fair rather than at the unfair distributor. Overall, these findings reveal an early ability to take into account distributors’ intentions and a preference for watching agents that tried to distribute resources fairly.

Intention-based evaluations of distributive actions by 4-month-olds / Geraci, Alessandra; Surian, Luca. - In: INFANT BEHAVIOR & DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1879-0453. - STAMPA. - 70:(2023), p. 101797. [10.1016/j.infbeh.2022.101797]

Intention-based evaluations of distributive actions by 4-month-olds

Geraci, Alessandra
Primo
;
Surian, Luca
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Four-month-olds’ ability to consider the intentions of agents performing distributive actions was investigated in four experiments, using the Violation of Expectation paradigm (VoE) (Experiments 1–3) and the Preferential Looking paradigm (Experiment 4). In Experiment 1, infants were presented with two events showing two types of failed attempts to perform a distribution. In an attempt to distribute fairly, the distributor first tried to reach one of the recipients to deliver an apple, he failed, and then attempted to reach the other recipient to deliver a second apple and also failed. In an attempt to distribute unfairly, a different distributor tried unsuccessfully to bring resources always to the same recipient. Infants looked reliably longer at failed fair distribution events, suggesting that they did not just react to the actions outcomes and they attended to agents' intentions. Experiments 2 and 3 assessed alternative explanations based on perceptual factors or affiliative behaviors. In Experiment 4, during the test trials, infants were shown both distributors simultaneously and they preferred to look at the fair rather than at the unfair distributor. Overall, these findings reveal an early ability to take into account distributors’ intentions and a preference for watching agents that tried to distribute resources fairly.
2023
Geraci, Alessandra; Surian, Luca
Intention-based evaluations of distributive actions by 4-month-olds / Geraci, Alessandra; Surian, Luca. - In: INFANT BEHAVIOR & DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1879-0453. - STAMPA. - 70:(2023), p. 101797. [10.1016/j.infbeh.2022.101797]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/401273
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