The spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), is an invasive species native to East Asia and now widespread worldwide. Major economic damage is caused by the larvae developing within ripening soft-skin fruit. Currently, larval detection in fruit is limited to destructive methods and post-harvest control strategies heavily rely on the use of chemicals or cold to inhibit egg eclosion and larval growth. Feeding larvae are likely to induce substrate-borne vibrations in the berry that could be exploited as cues by predators or to develop a non-invasive pest detection method, an approach previously applied on leaves and wooden structures, but never on fresh fruit. We used a laser vibrometer to detect and characterize the incidental vibrations produced by D. suzukii larvae within fresh blueberries at fve diferent pest age (48, 96, 168, 216 and 264 h). An innovative statistical analysis was performed to assess if infestation level (number of pupae) and pest age to 168–216 h after infestation, and then decreased until fy emergence. Low-infested blueberries showed a faster D. suzukii development time compared to high-infested blueberries. This was refected into vibrational recordings, as low-infested blueberries exhibited peak amplitude at earlier stage compared to high-infested ones. Results suggest that D. suzukii larvae induce detectable vibrations by feeding within berries that are dependent on infestation level and pest age. We discuss the possible ecological role of such vibrations as cues for unintended receivers, such as predators and parasitoids, and their potential for innovative infestation detection methods.

Detection and characterization of incidental vibrations from Drosophila suzukii in infested fruits / Fellin, Lorenzo; Bertagnolli, Giulia; Mazzoni, Valerio; Anfora, Gianfranco; Agostinelli, Claudio; Rossi Stacconi, Marco Valerio; Nieri, Rachele. - In: JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE. - ISSN 1612-4758. - 2024:(2024). [10.1007/s10340-023-01711-8]

Detection and characterization of incidental vibrations from Drosophila suzukii in infested fruits

Fellin, Lorenzo;Bertagnolli, Giulia;Mazzoni, Valerio;Anfora, Gianfranco;Agostinelli, Claudio;Rossi Stacconi, Marco Valerio
;
Nieri, Rachele
2024-01-01

Abstract

The spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura), is an invasive species native to East Asia and now widespread worldwide. Major economic damage is caused by the larvae developing within ripening soft-skin fruit. Currently, larval detection in fruit is limited to destructive methods and post-harvest control strategies heavily rely on the use of chemicals or cold to inhibit egg eclosion and larval growth. Feeding larvae are likely to induce substrate-borne vibrations in the berry that could be exploited as cues by predators or to develop a non-invasive pest detection method, an approach previously applied on leaves and wooden structures, but never on fresh fruit. We used a laser vibrometer to detect and characterize the incidental vibrations produced by D. suzukii larvae within fresh blueberries at fve diferent pest age (48, 96, 168, 216 and 264 h). An innovative statistical analysis was performed to assess if infestation level (number of pupae) and pest age to 168–216 h after infestation, and then decreased until fy emergence. Low-infested blueberries showed a faster D. suzukii development time compared to high-infested blueberries. This was refected into vibrational recordings, as low-infested blueberries exhibited peak amplitude at earlier stage compared to high-infested ones. Results suggest that D. suzukii larvae induce detectable vibrations by feeding within berries that are dependent on infestation level and pest age. We discuss the possible ecological role of such vibrations as cues for unintended receivers, such as predators and parasitoids, and their potential for innovative infestation detection methods.
2024
Fellin, Lorenzo; Bertagnolli, Giulia; Mazzoni, Valerio; Anfora, Gianfranco; Agostinelli, Claudio; Rossi Stacconi, Marco Valerio; Nieri, Rachele...espandi
Detection and characterization of incidental vibrations from Drosophila suzukii in infested fruits / Fellin, Lorenzo; Bertagnolli, Giulia; Mazzoni, Valerio; Anfora, Gianfranco; Agostinelli, Claudio; Rossi Stacconi, Marco Valerio; Nieri, Rachele. - In: JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE. - ISSN 1612-4758. - 2024:(2024). [10.1007/s10340-023-01711-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/400831
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