Substrate-borne vibrational communication is common in pentatomids. Although several works exist on the vibrational communication of Halyomorpha halys, its vibrational behavior post diapause has not been investigated. In this study, we recorded H. halys overwintered adults using laser doppler vibrometers at three temperatures: 10 °C (inactivity), 18 °C (breaking of diapause), and 25 °C (peak of mating activity). The aim was to assess the effect of temperature on the signaling, motility, and survival of H. halys. The insects were sexed into different cages and recorded separately or joined with a cage of the opposite sex. We calculated the total time spent on signaling and walking per replica. The males predominantly emitted male signal 1 (MS1) throughout the four months of recordings. The females exclusively emitted female signal 2 (FS2) when joined with the opposite sex cage the first two months of recordings. Interestingly, they also started FS2 signaling when recorded separately, after two months. No signaling was recorded at 10 °C. At 25 °C, the signaling latency time before vibrational signaling was 24 h compared to 23 days at 18 °C. The short latency time at 25 °C correlated with a higher death rate in early stages of recording. Male walking activity was significantly higher in joined cages at 18 °C and 25 °C, suggesting the increased searching behavior near the opposite sex. Overwintered H. halys could adapt to different conditions whereas low temperatures maintain the diapause which is characterized by no signaling activity. Our results provide a foundation for bioclimatic modeling of climate change effects on H. halys and insights into the use of vibrational playbacks for mass trapping and monitoring as control techniques.

The Post-Diapause Vibrational Behavior, Motility, and Survival of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål) Adults at Different Temperatures / Fouani, Jalal M; Scala, Marica; Zaffaroni-Caorsi, Valentina; Verrastro, Vincenzo; Anfora, Gianfranco; Mazzoni, Valerio. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 2024, 14:1(2024), p. 1198. [10.1038/s41598-023-50480-y]

The Post-Diapause Vibrational Behavior, Motility, and Survival of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål) Adults at Different Temperatures

Scala, Marica;Zaffaroni-Caorsi, Valentina;Anfora, Gianfranco;Mazzoni, Valerio
2024-01-01

Abstract

Substrate-borne vibrational communication is common in pentatomids. Although several works exist on the vibrational communication of Halyomorpha halys, its vibrational behavior post diapause has not been investigated. In this study, we recorded H. halys overwintered adults using laser doppler vibrometers at three temperatures: 10 °C (inactivity), 18 °C (breaking of diapause), and 25 °C (peak of mating activity). The aim was to assess the effect of temperature on the signaling, motility, and survival of H. halys. The insects were sexed into different cages and recorded separately or joined with a cage of the opposite sex. We calculated the total time spent on signaling and walking per replica. The males predominantly emitted male signal 1 (MS1) throughout the four months of recordings. The females exclusively emitted female signal 2 (FS2) when joined with the opposite sex cage the first two months of recordings. Interestingly, they also started FS2 signaling when recorded separately, after two months. No signaling was recorded at 10 °C. At 25 °C, the signaling latency time before vibrational signaling was 24 h compared to 23 days at 18 °C. The short latency time at 25 °C correlated with a higher death rate in early stages of recording. Male walking activity was significantly higher in joined cages at 18 °C and 25 °C, suggesting the increased searching behavior near the opposite sex. Overwintered H. halys could adapt to different conditions whereas low temperatures maintain the diapause which is characterized by no signaling activity. Our results provide a foundation for bioclimatic modeling of climate change effects on H. halys and insights into the use of vibrational playbacks for mass trapping and monitoring as control techniques.
2024
1
Fouani, Jalal M; Scala, Marica; Zaffaroni-Caorsi, Valentina; Verrastro, Vincenzo; Anfora, Gianfranco; Mazzoni, Valerio
The Post-Diapause Vibrational Behavior, Motility, and Survival of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål) Adults at Different Temperatures / Fouani, Jalal M; Scala, Marica; Zaffaroni-Caorsi, Valentina; Verrastro, Vincenzo; Anfora, Gianfranco; Mazzoni, Valerio. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 2024, 14:1(2024), p. 1198. [10.1038/s41598-023-50480-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/400830
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