Samra et al. report that progranulin mutations are the commonest genetic cause of primary progressive aphasia. Two subtypes are seen: a nonfluent variant (similar in phenotype to its sporadic counterpart) and a 'not otherwise specified' variant (with unique linguistic features). Revised criteria for primary progressive aphasia should consider genetic phenotypes.Primary progressive aphasia is most commonly a sporadic disorder, but in some cases, it can be genetic. This study aimed to understand the clinical, cognitive and imaging phenotype of the genetic forms of primary progressive aphasia in comparison to the canonical nonfluent, semantic and logopenic subtypes seen in sporadic disease. Participants with genetic primary progressive aphasia were recruited from the international multicentre GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative study and compared with healthy controls as well as a cohort of people with sporadic primary progressive aphasia. Symptoms were assessed using the GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative language, behavioural, neuropsychiatric and motor scales. Participants also underwent a cognitive assessment and 3 T volumetric T1-weighted MRI. One C9orf72 (2%), 1 MAPT (6%) and 17 GRN (44%) symptomatic mutation carriers had a diagnosis of primary progressive aphasia. In the GRN cohort, 47% had a diagnosis of nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia, and 53% had a primary progressive aphasia syndrome that did not fit diagnostic criteria for any of the three subtypes, called primary progressive aphasia-not otherwise specified here. The phenotype of the genetic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia group largely overlapped with that of sporadic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia, although the presence of an associated atypical parkinsonian syndrome was characteristic of sporadic and not genetic disease. The primary progressive aphasia -not otherwise specified group however was distinct from the sporadic subtypes with impaired grammar/syntax in the presence of relatively intact articulation, alongside other linguistic deficits. The pattern of atrophy seen on MRI in the genetic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia group overlapped with that of the sporadic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia cohort, although with more posterior cortical involvement, whilst the primary progressive aphasia-not otherwise specified group was strikingly asymmetrical with involvement particularly of the insula and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex but also atrophy of the orbitofrontal cortex and the medial temporal lobes. Whilst there are overlapping symptoms between genetic and sporadic primary progressive aphasia syndromes, there are also distinct features. Future iterations of the primary progressive aphasia consensus criteria should encompass such information with further research needed to understand the earliest features of these disorders, particularly during the prodromal period of genetic disease.

Genetic forms of primary progressive aphasia within the GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative (GENFI) cohort: comparison with sporadic primary progressive aphasia / Kiran, Samra; Amy M, Macdougall; Arabella, Bouzigues; Martina, Bocchetta; David M, Cash; Caroline V, Greaves; Rhian S, Convery; Chris, Hardy; John C, van Swieten; Harro, Seelaar; Lize C, Jiskoot; Fermin, Moreno; Raquel, Sanchez-Valle; Robert, Laforce; Caroline, Graff; Mario, Masellis; Maria Carmela, Tartaglia; James B, Rowe; Barbara, Borroni; Elizabeth, Finger; Matthis, Synofzik; Daniela, Galimberti; Rik, Vandenberghe; Alexandre, de Mendonça; Chris R, Butler; Alexander, Gerhard; Simon, Ducharme; Isabelle, Le Ber; Isabel, Santana; Florence, Pasquier; Johannes, Levin; Markus, Otto; Sandro, Sorbi; Jason D, Warren; Jonathan D, Rohrer; Lucy L, Russell; Afonso, Sónia; Rosario Almeida, Maria; Anderl-Straub, Sarah; Andersson, Christin; Antonell, Anna; Archetti, Silvana; Arighi, Andrea; Balasa, Mircea; Barandiaran, Myriam; Bargalló, Nuria; Bartha, Robart; Bender, Benjamin; Benussi, Alberto; Bertoux, Maxime; Bertrand, Anne; Bessi, Valentina; Black, Sandra; Borrego-Ecija, Sergi; Bras, Jose; Brice, Alexis; Bruffaerts, Rose; Camuzat, Agnès; Cañada, Marta; Cantoni, Valentina; Caroppo, Paola; Castelo-Branco, Miguel; Colliot, Olivier; Cope, Thomas; Deramecourt, Vincent; de Arriba, María; Di Fede, Giuseppe; Díez, Alina; Duro, Diana; Fenoglio, Chiara; Ferrari, Camilla; B Ferreira, Catarina; Fox, Nick; Freedman, Morris; Fumagalli, Giorgio; Funkiewiez, Aurélie; du Cerveau, Institut; Gabilondo, Alazne; Gasparotti, Roberto; Gauthier, Serge; Gazzina, Stefano; Giaccone, Giorgio; Gorostidi, Ana; Guerreiro, Rita; Heller, Carolin; Hoegen, Tobias; Indakoetxea, Begoña; Jelic, Vesna; Karnath, Hans-Otto; Keren, Ron; Kuchcinski, Gregory; Langheinrich, Tobias; Lebouvier, Thibaud; João Leitão, Maria; Lladó, Albert; Lombardi, Gemma; Loosli, Sandra; Maruta, Carolina; Mead, Simon; Meeter, Lieke; Miltenberger, Gabriel; van Minkelen, Rick; Mitchell, Sara; Moore, Katrina; Nacmias, Benedetta; Nelson, Annabel; Öijerstedt, Linn; Olives, Jaume; Ourselin, Sebastien; Padovani, Alessandro; Panman, Jessica; M Papma, Janne; Pijnenburg, Yolande; Polito, Cristina; Premi, Enrico; Prioni, Sara; Prix, Catharina; Rademakers, Rosa; Redaelli, Veronica; Rinaldi, Daisy; du Cerveau, Institut; Rittman, Tim; Rogaeva, Ekaterina; Rollin, Adeline; Rosa-Neto, Pedro; Rossi, Giacomina; Rossor, Martin; Santiago, Beatriz; Saracino, Dario; Sayah, Sabrina; Scarpini, Elio; Schönecker, Sonja; Semler, Elisa; Shafei, Rachelle; Shoesmith, Christen; Swift, Imogen; Tábuas-Pereira, Miguel; Tainta, Mikel; Taipa, Ricardo; Tang-Wai, David; L Thomas, David; Thompson, Paul; Thonberg, Hakan; Timberlake, Carolyn; Tiraboschi, Pietro; Todd, Emily; Van Damme, Philip; Vandenbulcke, Mathieu; Veldsman, Michele; Verdelho, Ana; Villanua, Jorge; Wilke, Carlo; Woollacott, Ione; Wlasich, Elisabeth; Zetterberg, Henrik; Zulaica, Miren. - In: BRAIN COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2632-1297. - 5:2(2023), pp. fcad03601-fcad03618. [10.1093/braincomms/fcad036]

Genetic forms of primary progressive aphasia within the GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative (GENFI) cohort: comparison with sporadic primary progressive aphasia

Giorgio Fumagalli;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Samra et al. report that progranulin mutations are the commonest genetic cause of primary progressive aphasia. Two subtypes are seen: a nonfluent variant (similar in phenotype to its sporadic counterpart) and a 'not otherwise specified' variant (with unique linguistic features). Revised criteria for primary progressive aphasia should consider genetic phenotypes.Primary progressive aphasia is most commonly a sporadic disorder, but in some cases, it can be genetic. This study aimed to understand the clinical, cognitive and imaging phenotype of the genetic forms of primary progressive aphasia in comparison to the canonical nonfluent, semantic and logopenic subtypes seen in sporadic disease. Participants with genetic primary progressive aphasia were recruited from the international multicentre GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative study and compared with healthy controls as well as a cohort of people with sporadic primary progressive aphasia. Symptoms were assessed using the GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative language, behavioural, neuropsychiatric and motor scales. Participants also underwent a cognitive assessment and 3 T volumetric T1-weighted MRI. One C9orf72 (2%), 1 MAPT (6%) and 17 GRN (44%) symptomatic mutation carriers had a diagnosis of primary progressive aphasia. In the GRN cohort, 47% had a diagnosis of nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia, and 53% had a primary progressive aphasia syndrome that did not fit diagnostic criteria for any of the three subtypes, called primary progressive aphasia-not otherwise specified here. The phenotype of the genetic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia group largely overlapped with that of sporadic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia, although the presence of an associated atypical parkinsonian syndrome was characteristic of sporadic and not genetic disease. The primary progressive aphasia -not otherwise specified group however was distinct from the sporadic subtypes with impaired grammar/syntax in the presence of relatively intact articulation, alongside other linguistic deficits. The pattern of atrophy seen on MRI in the genetic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia group overlapped with that of the sporadic nonfluent variant primary progressive aphasia cohort, although with more posterior cortical involvement, whilst the primary progressive aphasia-not otherwise specified group was strikingly asymmetrical with involvement particularly of the insula and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex but also atrophy of the orbitofrontal cortex and the medial temporal lobes. Whilst there are overlapping symptoms between genetic and sporadic primary progressive aphasia syndromes, there are also distinct features. Future iterations of the primary progressive aphasia consensus criteria should encompass such information with further research needed to understand the earliest features of these disorders, particularly during the prodromal period of genetic disease.
2023
2
Kiran, Samra; Amy M, Macdougall; Arabella, Bouzigues; Martina, Bocchetta; David M, Cash; Caroline V, Greaves; Rhian S, Convery; Chris, Hardy; John C, ...espandi
Genetic forms of primary progressive aphasia within the GENetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative (GENFI) cohort: comparison with sporadic primary progressive aphasia / Kiran, Samra; Amy M, Macdougall; Arabella, Bouzigues; Martina, Bocchetta; David M, Cash; Caroline V, Greaves; Rhian S, Convery; Chris, Hardy; John C, van Swieten; Harro, Seelaar; Lize C, Jiskoot; Fermin, Moreno; Raquel, Sanchez-Valle; Robert, Laforce; Caroline, Graff; Mario, Masellis; Maria Carmela, Tartaglia; James B, Rowe; Barbara, Borroni; Elizabeth, Finger; Matthis, Synofzik; Daniela, Galimberti; Rik, Vandenberghe; Alexandre, de Mendonça; Chris R, Butler; Alexander, Gerhard; Simon, Ducharme; Isabelle, Le Ber; Isabel, Santana; Florence, Pasquier; Johannes, Levin; Markus, Otto; Sandro, Sorbi; Jason D, Warren; Jonathan D, Rohrer; Lucy L, Russell; Afonso, Sónia; Rosario Almeida, Maria; Anderl-Straub, Sarah; Andersson, Christin; Antonell, Anna; Archetti, Silvana; Arighi, Andrea; Balasa, Mircea; Barandiaran, Myriam; Bargalló, Nuria; Bartha, Robart; Bender, Benjamin; Benussi, Alberto; Bertoux, Maxime; Bertrand, Anne; Bessi, Valentina; Black, Sandra; Borrego-Ecija, Sergi; Bras, Jose; Brice, Alexis; Bruffaerts, Rose; Camuzat, Agnès; Cañada, Marta; Cantoni, Valentina; Caroppo, Paola; Castelo-Branco, Miguel; Colliot, Olivier; Cope, Thomas; Deramecourt, Vincent; de Arriba, María; Di Fede, Giuseppe; Díez, Alina; Duro, Diana; Fenoglio, Chiara; Ferrari, Camilla; B Ferreira, Catarina; Fox, Nick; Freedman, Morris; Fumagalli, Giorgio; Funkiewiez, Aurélie; du Cerveau, Institut; Gabilondo, Alazne; Gasparotti, Roberto; Gauthier, Serge; Gazzina, Stefano; Giaccone, Giorgio; Gorostidi, Ana; Guerreiro, Rita; Heller, Carolin; Hoegen, Tobias; Indakoetxea, Begoña; Jelic, Vesna; Karnath, Hans-Otto; Keren, Ron; Kuchcinski, Gregory; Langheinrich, Tobias; Lebouvier, Thibaud; João Leitão, Maria; Lladó, Albert; Lombardi, Gemma; Loosli, Sandra; Maruta, Carolina; Mead, Simon; Meeter, Lieke; Miltenberger, Gabriel; van Minkelen, Rick; Mitchell, Sara; Moore, Katrina; Nacmias, Benedetta; Nelson, Annabel; Öijerstedt, Linn; Olives, Jaume; Ourselin, Sebastien; Padovani, Alessandro; Panman, Jessica; M Papma, Janne; Pijnenburg, Yolande; Polito, Cristina; Premi, Enrico; Prioni, Sara; Prix, Catharina; Rademakers, Rosa; Redaelli, Veronica; Rinaldi, Daisy; du Cerveau, Institut; Rittman, Tim; Rogaeva, Ekaterina; Rollin, Adeline; Rosa-Neto, Pedro; Rossi, Giacomina; Rossor, Martin; Santiago, Beatriz; Saracino, Dario; Sayah, Sabrina; Scarpini, Elio; Schönecker, Sonja; Semler, Elisa; Shafei, Rachelle; Shoesmith, Christen; Swift, Imogen; Tábuas-Pereira, Miguel; Tainta, Mikel; Taipa, Ricardo; Tang-Wai, David; L Thomas, David; Thompson, Paul; Thonberg, Hakan; Timberlake, Carolyn; Tiraboschi, Pietro; Todd, Emily; Van Damme, Philip; Vandenbulcke, Mathieu; Veldsman, Michele; Verdelho, Ana; Villanua, Jorge; Wilke, Carlo; Woollacott, Ione; Wlasich, Elisabeth; Zetterberg, Henrik; Zulaica, Miren. - In: BRAIN COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2632-1297. - 5:2(2023), pp. fcad03601-fcad03618. [10.1093/braincomms/fcad036]
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