The temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) is a cortical area contributing to a multiplicity of visual, language-related, and cognitive functions. In line with this functional richness, also the organization of the underlying white matter is highly complex and includes several bundles. The few studies tackling the outcome and neurological burdens of surgical operations addressing TPJ document the presence of language disturbances and visual field damages, with the latter hardly recovered in time. This observation advocates for identifying and functionally monitoring the optic radiation (OR) bundles that cross the white matter below the TPJ. In the present study, we adopted a multimodal approach to address the anatomo-functional correlates of the OR's dorsal loop. In particular, we combined cadavers' dissection with tractographic and electrophysiological data collected in drug-resistant epileptic patients explored by stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG). Cadaver dissection allowed us to appreciate the course and topography of the dorsal loop. More surprisingly, both tractographic and electrophysiological observations converged on a unitary picture highly coherent with the data obtained by neuroanatomical observation. The combination of diverse and multimodal observations allows overcoming the limitations intrinsic to single methodologies, defining a unitary picture which makes it possible to investigate the dorsal loop both presurgically and at the individual patient level, ultimately contributing to limit the postsurgical damages. Notwithstanding, such a combined approach could serve as a model of investigation for future neuroanatomical inquiries tackling white matter fibers anatomy and function through SEEG-derived neurophysiological data.

Tracing in vivo the dorsal loop of the optic radiation: convergent perspectives from tractography and electrophysiology compared to a neuroanatomical ground truth / Rizzi, Michele; Sartori, Ivana; Del Vecchio, Maria; Berta, Luca; Lizio, Domenico; Zauli, Flavia Maria; De Benedictis, Alessandro; Sarubbo, Silvio; Al-Orabi, Khalid; Mariani, Valeria; Avanzini, Pietro. - In: BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. - ISSN 1863-2653. - 227:4(2022), pp. 1357-1370. [10.1007/s00429-021-02430-5]

Tracing in vivo the dorsal loop of the optic radiation: convergent perspectives from tractography and electrophysiology compared to a neuroanatomical ground truth

Sarubbo, Silvio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The temporo-parietal junction (TPJ) is a cortical area contributing to a multiplicity of visual, language-related, and cognitive functions. In line with this functional richness, also the organization of the underlying white matter is highly complex and includes several bundles. The few studies tackling the outcome and neurological burdens of surgical operations addressing TPJ document the presence of language disturbances and visual field damages, with the latter hardly recovered in time. This observation advocates for identifying and functionally monitoring the optic radiation (OR) bundles that cross the white matter below the TPJ. In the present study, we adopted a multimodal approach to address the anatomo-functional correlates of the OR's dorsal loop. In particular, we combined cadavers' dissection with tractographic and electrophysiological data collected in drug-resistant epileptic patients explored by stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG). Cadaver dissection allowed us to appreciate the course and topography of the dorsal loop. More surprisingly, both tractographic and electrophysiological observations converged on a unitary picture highly coherent with the data obtained by neuroanatomical observation. The combination of diverse and multimodal observations allows overcoming the limitations intrinsic to single methodologies, defining a unitary picture which makes it possible to investigate the dorsal loop both presurgically and at the individual patient level, ultimately contributing to limit the postsurgical damages. Notwithstanding, such a combined approach could serve as a model of investigation for future neuroanatomical inquiries tackling white matter fibers anatomy and function through SEEG-derived neurophysiological data.
2022
4
Rizzi, Michele; Sartori, Ivana; Del Vecchio, Maria; Berta, Luca; Lizio, Domenico; Zauli, Flavia Maria; De Benedictis, Alessandro; Sarubbo, Silvio; Al-...espandi
Tracing in vivo the dorsal loop of the optic radiation: convergent perspectives from tractography and electrophysiology compared to a neuroanatomical ground truth / Rizzi, Michele; Sartori, Ivana; Del Vecchio, Maria; Berta, Luca; Lizio, Domenico; Zauli, Flavia Maria; De Benedictis, Alessandro; Sarubbo, Silvio; Al-Orabi, Khalid; Mariani, Valeria; Avanzini, Pietro. - In: BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. - ISSN 1863-2653. - 227:4(2022), pp. 1357-1370. [10.1007/s00429-021-02430-5]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/400419
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