Flash sintering is a powerful tool for the ultrarapid consolidation of green ceramic com-pacts, although its activation mechanisms in electrically conductive PTC (Positive Tem-perature Coefficient for resistivity) materials' is poorly understood. It was argued that a flash event could be initiated and sustained for a transitory period in certain PTC ceramics because of an initial negative dependence of the green material resistivity with tempera-ture. The thermal runaway phenomenon and its activation conditions on binderless tungsten carbide (WC) green bodies are investigated in the present work by numerical simulations using finite element methods (FEM). The flash event is recreated and studied within the COMSOL Multiphysics software at the macroscale, i.e., considering the flash as an electrical power surge driven by an increasing sample's conductivity. During the flash, very high temperatures in the range of 1800-2000 degrees C can be reached in the WC green sample in a few seconds. The accurate numerical simulation of such event results in heating rates exceeding 1000 degrees C/s, a condition that theoretically brings a powder compact at temperatures high enough to accelerate and prioritize sintering densifying mechanisms over non-densifying ones. Therefore, the sample's regions where the maximum sintering temperature is reached more slowly because of thermal contacts with the electrodes remain highly porous at the end of the process.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Flash sintering in metallic ceramics: finite element analysis of thermal runaway in tungsten carbide green bodies / Mazo, Isacco; Palmieri, Barbara; Martone, Alfonso; Giordano, Michele; Sglavo, Vincenzo M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2238-7854. - ELETTRONICO. - 23:(2023), pp. 5993-6004. [10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.02.213]

Flash sintering in metallic ceramics: finite element analysis of thermal runaway in tungsten carbide green bodies

Mazo, Isacco
Primo
;
Sglavo, Vincenzo M.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Flash sintering is a powerful tool for the ultrarapid consolidation of green ceramic com-pacts, although its activation mechanisms in electrically conductive PTC (Positive Tem-perature Coefficient for resistivity) materials' is poorly understood. It was argued that a flash event could be initiated and sustained for a transitory period in certain PTC ceramics because of an initial negative dependence of the green material resistivity with tempera-ture. The thermal runaway phenomenon and its activation conditions on binderless tungsten carbide (WC) green bodies are investigated in the present work by numerical simulations using finite element methods (FEM). The flash event is recreated and studied within the COMSOL Multiphysics software at the macroscale, i.e., considering the flash as an electrical power surge driven by an increasing sample's conductivity. During the flash, very high temperatures in the range of 1800-2000 degrees C can be reached in the WC green sample in a few seconds. The accurate numerical simulation of such event results in heating rates exceeding 1000 degrees C/s, a condition that theoretically brings a powder compact at temperatures high enough to accelerate and prioritize sintering densifying mechanisms over non-densifying ones. Therefore, the sample's regions where the maximum sintering temperature is reached more slowly because of thermal contacts with the electrodes remain highly porous at the end of the process.(c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
2023
Mazo, Isacco; Palmieri, Barbara; Martone, Alfonso; Giordano, Michele; Sglavo, Vincenzo M.
Flash sintering in metallic ceramics: finite element analysis of thermal runaway in tungsten carbide green bodies / Mazo, Isacco; Palmieri, Barbara; Martone, Alfonso; Giordano, Michele; Sglavo, Vincenzo M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2238-7854. - ELETTRONICO. - 23:(2023), pp. 5993-6004. [10.1016/j.jmrt.2023.02.213]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/400319
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