The water surface response to subcritical turbulent flow over a backward-facing step (BFS) is studied via high-resolution large-eddy simulation (LES). The LES method is validated first using data of previously reported experiments. The LES-predicted water surface is decomposed into different types of gravity waves as well as turbulence-driven forced waves. Analysis of the LES data reveals the interplay between low-frequency large-scale turbulence structures, which are the result of flow separation from the step and reattachment behind the step, and the dynamics of the water surface. The water surface deformation is mainly the result of freely propagating gravity waves and forced waves, owing to turbulence in the form of rollers and/or hairpin vortices. Gravity waves with zero group velocity define the characteristic spatial and temporal scales of the surface deformations at higher frequencies, while large eddies determine their low-frequency modulation. These deformations are mainly confined in lateral bands that propagate downstream following the advection of the near-surface streamwise vortices (rollers) that are shed from the step. Steeper surface waves are observed in regions of negative perturbation velocity gradient and down-welling, downstream of the larger rollers, and are associated with thin isolated regions of high vorticity near the surface. The investigation of such a complex flow has shown that the decomposition of the water surface fluctuations into its different physical components may be used to identify the dynamics of the underlying flow structure.

Water Surface Response to Turbulent Flow over a Backward-Facing Step / Luo, Q.; Dolcetti, G.; Stoesser, T.; Tait, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 2023, 966:(2023), pp. A18-1-A18-31. [10.1017/jfm.2023.350]

Water Surface Response to Turbulent Flow over a Backward-Facing Step

Dolcetti, G.
Secondo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The water surface response to subcritical turbulent flow over a backward-facing step (BFS) is studied via high-resolution large-eddy simulation (LES). The LES method is validated first using data of previously reported experiments. The LES-predicted water surface is decomposed into different types of gravity waves as well as turbulence-driven forced waves. Analysis of the LES data reveals the interplay between low-frequency large-scale turbulence structures, which are the result of flow separation from the step and reattachment behind the step, and the dynamics of the water surface. The water surface deformation is mainly the result of freely propagating gravity waves and forced waves, owing to turbulence in the form of rollers and/or hairpin vortices. Gravity waves with zero group velocity define the characteristic spatial and temporal scales of the surface deformations at higher frequencies, while large eddies determine their low-frequency modulation. These deformations are mainly confined in lateral bands that propagate downstream following the advection of the near-surface streamwise vortices (rollers) that are shed from the step. Steeper surface waves are observed in regions of negative perturbation velocity gradient and down-welling, downstream of the larger rollers, and are associated with thin isolated regions of high vorticity near the surface. The investigation of such a complex flow has shown that the decomposition of the water surface fluctuations into its different physical components may be used to identify the dynamics of the underlying flow structure.
2023
Luo, Q.; Dolcetti, G.; Stoesser, T.; Tait, S.
Water Surface Response to Turbulent Flow over a Backward-Facing Step / Luo, Q.; Dolcetti, G.; Stoesser, T.; Tait, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 2023, 966:(2023), pp. A18-1-A18-31. [10.1017/jfm.2023.350]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/382429
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