Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to radiation from single or multiple radio-frequency (RF) signals at 900 and 2450MHz would induce effects in the RAW 264.7 cell line.Materials and methods: Cell cultures were exposed to single or combined RF for 4, 24, 48, or 72h in a GTEM electromagnetic test chamber. At the end of the radiation exposure time, viability and cell growth were analyzed by flow cytometry, nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by colorimetry, the expression of HSP70 and TNF- was ascertained by qPCR, and the phagocytic activity was observed by microscopy.Results: NO production increased after 48h exposure at 2450MHz, compared with controls. The group subjected to the combined interaction of two RFs showed an increase of HSP70 after 48h exposure and a significant increase of NO and TNF- after 72h. The phagocytic activity of macrophages decreased in all groups as exposure time increased.Conclusions: Our results indicated a decrease in phagocytic activity and an increase in inflammatory, cytoprotective, and cytotoxic responses in macrophages after continuous and combined exposure of multiple RF signals. Multiple RF interact in everyday life, the immune response in humans is unknown.[GRAPHICS].

Exposure to Radiation from Single or Combined Radio Frequencies Provokes Macrophage Dysfunction in the RAW 264.7 Cell Line / López-Furelos, Alberto; Salas-Sanchez, Aaron Angel; Ares-Pena, Francisco J; Leiro-Vidal, José M; López-Martín, Elena. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0955-3002. - STAMPA. - 2018, 94:6(2018), pp. 607-618. [10.1080/09553002.2018.1465610]

Exposure to Radiation from Single or Combined Radio Frequencies Provokes Macrophage Dysfunction in the RAW 264.7 Cell Line

Salas-Sanchez, Aaron Angel;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to radiation from single or multiple radio-frequency (RF) signals at 900 and 2450MHz would induce effects in the RAW 264.7 cell line.Materials and methods: Cell cultures were exposed to single or combined RF for 4, 24, 48, or 72h in a GTEM electromagnetic test chamber. At the end of the radiation exposure time, viability and cell growth were analyzed by flow cytometry, nitric oxide (NO) production was measured by colorimetry, the expression of HSP70 and TNF- was ascertained by qPCR, and the phagocytic activity was observed by microscopy.Results: NO production increased after 48h exposure at 2450MHz, compared with controls. The group subjected to the combined interaction of two RFs showed an increase of HSP70 after 48h exposure and a significant increase of NO and TNF- after 72h. The phagocytic activity of macrophages decreased in all groups as exposure time increased.Conclusions: Our results indicated a decrease in phagocytic activity and an increase in inflammatory, cytoprotective, and cytotoxic responses in macrophages after continuous and combined exposure of multiple RF signals. Multiple RF interact in everyday life, the immune response in humans is unknown.[GRAPHICS].
2018
6
López-Furelos, Alberto; Salas-Sanchez, Aaron Angel; Ares-Pena, Francisco J; Leiro-Vidal, José M; López-Martín, Elena
Exposure to Radiation from Single or Combined Radio Frequencies Provokes Macrophage Dysfunction in the RAW 264.7 Cell Line / López-Furelos, Alberto; Salas-Sanchez, Aaron Angel; Ares-Pena, Francisco J; Leiro-Vidal, José M; López-Martín, Elena. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RADIATION BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0955-3002. - STAMPA. - 2018, 94:6(2018), pp. 607-618. [10.1080/09553002.2018.1465610]
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