In this study we analyzed the response of parafollicular cells in rat thyroid gland after exposure to radiofrequency at 2.45 GHz using a subthermal experimental diathermy model. Forty-two Sprague Dawley rats, divided into two groups of 21 rats each, were individually exposed at 0 (control), 3 or 12 W in a Gigahertz Transverse Electro-Magnetic (GTEM) chamber for 30 min. After radiation, we used simple or fluorescence immunohistochemistry to measure calcitonin cells or cellular stress levels, indicated by the presence hyperplasia of parafollicular cells, heat shock protein (HSP) 90. Immunomarking of calcitonin-positive cells was statistically significant higher in the thyroid tissue of rats exposed to 2.45 GHz radiofrequency and cell hyperplasia appeared 90 min after radiation at the SAR levels studied. At the same time, co-localized expression of HSP-90 and calcitonin in parafollicular cells was statistically significant attenuated 90 min after radiation and remained statistically significantly low 24 h after radiation, even though parafollicular cell levels normalized. These facts indicate that subthermal radiofrequency (RF) at 2.45 GHz constitutes a negative external stress stimulus that alters the activity and homeostasis of parafollicular cells in the rat thyroid gland. However, further research is needed to determine if there is toxic action in human C cells.

Exposure to 2.45 GHz Radiofrequency Modulates Calcitonin-Dependent Activity and HSP-90 Protein in Parafollicular Cells of Rat Thyroid Gland / López-Martín, E; Jorge-Barreiro, F J; Relova-Quintero, J L; Salas-Sanchez, A A; Ares-Pena, F J. - In: TISSUE & CELL. - ISSN 0040-8166. - STAMPA. - 2021, 68:101478(2021), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.tice.2020.101478]

Exposure to 2.45 GHz Radiofrequency Modulates Calcitonin-Dependent Activity and HSP-90 Protein in Parafollicular Cells of Rat Thyroid Gland

Salas-Sanchez, A A;
2021-01-01

Abstract

In this study we analyzed the response of parafollicular cells in rat thyroid gland after exposure to radiofrequency at 2.45 GHz using a subthermal experimental diathermy model. Forty-two Sprague Dawley rats, divided into two groups of 21 rats each, were individually exposed at 0 (control), 3 or 12 W in a Gigahertz Transverse Electro-Magnetic (GTEM) chamber for 30 min. After radiation, we used simple or fluorescence immunohistochemistry to measure calcitonin cells or cellular stress levels, indicated by the presence hyperplasia of parafollicular cells, heat shock protein (HSP) 90. Immunomarking of calcitonin-positive cells was statistically significant higher in the thyroid tissue of rats exposed to 2.45 GHz radiofrequency and cell hyperplasia appeared 90 min after radiation at the SAR levels studied. At the same time, co-localized expression of HSP-90 and calcitonin in parafollicular cells was statistically significant attenuated 90 min after radiation and remained statistically significantly low 24 h after radiation, even though parafollicular cell levels normalized. These facts indicate that subthermal radiofrequency (RF) at 2.45 GHz constitutes a negative external stress stimulus that alters the activity and homeostasis of parafollicular cells in the rat thyroid gland. However, further research is needed to determine if there is toxic action in human C cells.
2021
101478
López-Martín, E; Jorge-Barreiro, F J; Relova-Quintero, J L; Salas-Sanchez, A A; Ares-Pena, F J
Exposure to 2.45 GHz Radiofrequency Modulates Calcitonin-Dependent Activity and HSP-90 Protein in Parafollicular Cells of Rat Thyroid Gland / López-Martín, E; Jorge-Barreiro, F J; Relova-Quintero, J L; Salas-Sanchez, A A; Ares-Pena, F J. - In: TISSUE & CELL. - ISSN 0040-8166. - STAMPA. - 2021, 68:101478(2021), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.tice.2020.101478]
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