The wheat flag leaf is the main contributor of photosynthetic assimilates to developing grains. Understanding how canopy architecture strategies affect source strength and yield will aid improved crop design. We used an eight-founder population to investigate the genetic architecture of flag leaf area, length, width and angle in European wheat. For the strongest genetic locus identified, we subsequently created a near-isogenic line (NIL) pair for more detailed investigation across seven test environments. Genetic control of traits investigated was highly polygenic, with colocalisation of replicated quantitative trait loci (QTL) for one or more traits identifying 24 loci. For QTL QFll.niab-5A.1 (FLL5A), development of a NIL pair found the FLL5A+ allele commonly conferred a c. 7% increase in flag and second leaf length and a more erect leaf angle, resulting in higher flag and/or second leaf area. Increased FLL5A-mediated flag leaf length was associated with: (1) longer pavement cells and (2) larger stomata at lower density, with a trend for decreased maximum stomatal conductance (G(smax)) per unit leaf area. For FLL5A, cell size rather than number predominantly determined leaf length. The observed trade-offs between leaf size and stomatal morphology highlight the need for future studies to consider these traits at the whole-leaf level.

Longer epidermal cells underlie a quantitative source of variation in wheat flag leaf size / Zanella, Camila M; Rotondo, Marilena; McCormick-Barnes, Charlie; Mellers, Greg; Corsi, Beatrice; Berry, Simon; Ciccone, Giulia; Day, Rob; Faralli, Michele; Galle, Alexander; Gardner, Keith A; Jacobs, John; Ober, Eric S; Sánchez Del Rio, Ana; Van Rie, Jeroen; Lawson, Tracy; Cockram, James. - In: NEW PHYTOLOGIST. - ISSN 0028-646X. - 237:5(2023), pp. 1558-1573. [10.1111/nph.18676]

Longer epidermal cells underlie a quantitative source of variation in wheat flag leaf size

Faralli, Michele;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The wheat flag leaf is the main contributor of photosynthetic assimilates to developing grains. Understanding how canopy architecture strategies affect source strength and yield will aid improved crop design. We used an eight-founder population to investigate the genetic architecture of flag leaf area, length, width and angle in European wheat. For the strongest genetic locus identified, we subsequently created a near-isogenic line (NIL) pair for more detailed investigation across seven test environments. Genetic control of traits investigated was highly polygenic, with colocalisation of replicated quantitative trait loci (QTL) for one or more traits identifying 24 loci. For QTL QFll.niab-5A.1 (FLL5A), development of a NIL pair found the FLL5A+ allele commonly conferred a c. 7% increase in flag and second leaf length and a more erect leaf angle, resulting in higher flag and/or second leaf area. Increased FLL5A-mediated flag leaf length was associated with: (1) longer pavement cells and (2) larger stomata at lower density, with a trend for decreased maximum stomatal conductance (G(smax)) per unit leaf area. For FLL5A, cell size rather than number predominantly determined leaf length. The observed trade-offs between leaf size and stomatal morphology highlight the need for future studies to consider these traits at the whole-leaf level.
2023
5
Zanella, Camila M; Rotondo, Marilena; McCormick-Barnes, Charlie; Mellers, Greg; Corsi, Beatrice; Berry, Simon; Ciccone, Giulia; Day, Rob; Faralli, Mic...espandi
Longer epidermal cells underlie a quantitative source of variation in wheat flag leaf size / Zanella, Camila M; Rotondo, Marilena; McCormick-Barnes, Charlie; Mellers, Greg; Corsi, Beatrice; Berry, Simon; Ciccone, Giulia; Day, Rob; Faralli, Michele; Galle, Alexander; Gardner, Keith A; Jacobs, John; Ober, Eric S; Sánchez Del Rio, Ana; Van Rie, Jeroen; Lawson, Tracy; Cockram, James. - In: NEW PHYTOLOGIST. - ISSN 0028-646X. - 237:5(2023), pp. 1558-1573. [10.1111/nph.18676]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/374327
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