Calibration of the existing building simulation model is key to correctly evaluating the energy savings that are achievable through retrofit. However, calibration is a non-standard phase where different approaches can possibly lead to different models. In this study, an existing residential building is simulated in parallel by four research groups with different dynamic simulation tools. Manual/automatic methodologies and basic/detailed measurement data sets are used. The calibration is followed by a validation on two evaluation periods. Monitoring data concerning the windows opening by the occupants are used to analyze the calibration outcomes. It is found that for a good calibration of a model of a well-insulated building, the absence of data regarding the users’ behavior is more critical than uncertainty on the envelope properties. The automatic approach is more effective in managing the model complexity and reaching a better performing calibration, as the RMSE relative to indoor temperature reaches 0.3 ◦C compared to 0.4–0.5 ◦C. Yet, a calibrated model’s performance is often poor outside the calibration period (RMSE increases up to 10.8 times), and thus, the validation is crucial to discriminate among multiple solutions and to refine them, by improving the users’ behavior modeling.

Calibrating the Dynamic Energy Simulation Model for an Existing Building: Lessons Learned from a Collective Exercise / Angelotti, Adriana; Mazzarella, Livio; Cornaro, Cristina; Frasca, Francesca; Prada, Alessandro; Baggio, Paolo; Ballarini, Ilaria; De Luca, Giovanna; Corrado, Vincenzo. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 2023, 16:2979(2023), pp. 1-24. [10.3390/en16072979]

Calibrating the Dynamic Energy Simulation Model for an Existing Building: Lessons Learned from a Collective Exercise

Prada, Alessandro;Baggio, Paolo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Calibration of the existing building simulation model is key to correctly evaluating the energy savings that are achievable through retrofit. However, calibration is a non-standard phase where different approaches can possibly lead to different models. In this study, an existing residential building is simulated in parallel by four research groups with different dynamic simulation tools. Manual/automatic methodologies and basic/detailed measurement data sets are used. The calibration is followed by a validation on two evaluation periods. Monitoring data concerning the windows opening by the occupants are used to analyze the calibration outcomes. It is found that for a good calibration of a model of a well-insulated building, the absence of data regarding the users’ behavior is more critical than uncertainty on the envelope properties. The automatic approach is more effective in managing the model complexity and reaching a better performing calibration, as the RMSE relative to indoor temperature reaches 0.3 ◦C compared to 0.4–0.5 ◦C. Yet, a calibrated model’s performance is often poor outside the calibration period (RMSE increases up to 10.8 times), and thus, the validation is crucial to discriminate among multiple solutions and to refine them, by improving the users’ behavior modeling.
2023
2979
Angelotti, Adriana; Mazzarella, Livio; Cornaro, Cristina; Frasca, Francesca; Prada, Alessandro; Baggio, Paolo; Ballarini, Ilaria; De Luca, Giovanna; Corrado, Vincenzo
Calibrating the Dynamic Energy Simulation Model for an Existing Building: Lessons Learned from a Collective Exercise / Angelotti, Adriana; Mazzarella, Livio; Cornaro, Cristina; Frasca, Francesca; Prada, Alessandro; Baggio, Paolo; Ballarini, Ilaria; De Luca, Giovanna; Corrado, Vincenzo. - In: ENERGIES. - ISSN 1996-1073. - 2023, 16:2979(2023), pp. 1-24. [10.3390/en16072979]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/373568
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