Self-conscious emotions, such as shame and guilt, play a fundamental role in regulating moral behaviour and in promoting the welfare of society. Despite their relevance, the neural bases of these emotions are uncertain. In the present meta-analysis, we performed a systematic literature review in order to single out functional neuroimaging studies on healthy individuals specifically investigating the neural substrates of shame, embarrassment, and guilt. Seventeen studies investi- gating the neural correlates of shame/embarrassment and seventeen studies investigating guilt brain representation met our inclusion criteria. The analyses revealed that both guilt and shame/em- barrassment were associated with the activation of the left anterior insula, involved in emotional awareness processing and arousal. Guilt-specific areas were located within the left temporo-parietal junction, which is thought to be involved in social cognitive processes. Moreover, specific activa- tions for shame/embarrassment involved areas related to social pain (dorsal anterior cingulate and thalamus) and behavioural inhibition (premotor cortex) networks. This pattern of results might re- flect the distinct action tendencies associated with the two emotions.

The Neural Signatures of Shame, Embarrassment, and Guilt: A Voxel-Based Meta-Analysis on Functional Neuroimaging Studies / Piretti, Luca; Pappaianni, Edoardo; Garbin, Claudia; Ida Rumiati, Raffaella; Job, Remo; Grecucci, Alessandro. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:4(2023), pp. 55901-55917. [10.3390/brainsci13040559]

The Neural Signatures of Shame, Embarrassment, and Guilt: A Voxel-Based Meta-Analysis on Functional Neuroimaging Studies

Luca Piretti;Edoardo Pappaianni;Claudia Garbin;Remo Job;Alessandro Grecucci
2023-01-01

Abstract

Self-conscious emotions, such as shame and guilt, play a fundamental role in regulating moral behaviour and in promoting the welfare of society. Despite their relevance, the neural bases of these emotions are uncertain. In the present meta-analysis, we performed a systematic literature review in order to single out functional neuroimaging studies on healthy individuals specifically investigating the neural substrates of shame, embarrassment, and guilt. Seventeen studies investi- gating the neural correlates of shame/embarrassment and seventeen studies investigating guilt brain representation met our inclusion criteria. The analyses revealed that both guilt and shame/em- barrassment were associated with the activation of the left anterior insula, involved in emotional awareness processing and arousal. Guilt-specific areas were located within the left temporo-parietal junction, which is thought to be involved in social cognitive processes. Moreover, specific activa- tions for shame/embarrassment involved areas related to social pain (dorsal anterior cingulate and thalamus) and behavioural inhibition (premotor cortex) networks. This pattern of results might re- flect the distinct action tendencies associated with the two emotions.
2023
4
Piretti, Luca; Pappaianni, Edoardo; Garbin, Claudia; Ida Rumiati, Raffaella; Job, Remo; Grecucci, Alessandro
The Neural Signatures of Shame, Embarrassment, and Guilt: A Voxel-Based Meta-Analysis on Functional Neuroimaging Studies / Piretti, Luca; Pappaianni, Edoardo; Garbin, Claudia; Ida Rumiati, Raffaella; Job, Remo; Grecucci, Alessandro. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:4(2023), pp. 55901-55917. [10.3390/brainsci13040559]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/373567
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