Background: Computed tomography (CT) is the recommended imaging technique for defining the anatomical suitability for current transcatheter technologies and planning tricuspid valve (TV) intervention. The aim of the Tricuspid Regurgitation IMAging (TRIMA) study was to assess the geometrical characteristics of the TV complex using novel CT parameters. Methods: This prospective, single-center study enrolled 22 consecutive patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation, who underwent a cardiac CT study dedicated to the right chambers. The following variables were obtained: annulus area and perimeter, septal-lateral and antero-posterior diameters, tenting height, and anatomical regurgitant orifice area. Moreover, the following novel annular parameters were assessed: distance between commissures, distance between TV centroid and commissures, and angles between centroid and commissures. Results: A significant phasic variability during the cardiac cycle existed for all variables except for eccentricity, angles, and distance between the postero-septal and antero-posterior commissure and distance between the centroid and antero-posterior commissure. There was a significant relationship between the TV annulus area and novel annular parameters, except for annular angles. Additionally, novel annular variables were found to predict the annulus area. Conclusions: These novel additional variables may provide an initial platform from which the complexity of the TV annular morphology can continue to be better understood for further improving transcatheter therapies.

Novel Computed Tomography Variables for Assessing Tricuspid Valve Morphology: Results from the TRIMA (Tricuspid Regurgitation IMAging) Study / Cammalleri, V.; Carpenito, M.; De Stefano, D.; Ussia, G. P.; Bono, M. C.; Mega, S.; Nusca, A.; Cocco, N.; Nobile, E.; De Filippis, A.; Vitez, L.; Quattrocchi, C. C.; Grigioni, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:10(2022), pp. 282501-282512. [10.3390/jcm11102825]

Novel Computed Tomography Variables for Assessing Tricuspid Valve Morphology: Results from the TRIMA (Tricuspid Regurgitation IMAging) Study

Quattrocchi C. C.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Computed tomography (CT) is the recommended imaging technique for defining the anatomical suitability for current transcatheter technologies and planning tricuspid valve (TV) intervention. The aim of the Tricuspid Regurgitation IMAging (TRIMA) study was to assess the geometrical characteristics of the TV complex using novel CT parameters. Methods: This prospective, single-center study enrolled 22 consecutive patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation, who underwent a cardiac CT study dedicated to the right chambers. The following variables were obtained: annulus area and perimeter, septal-lateral and antero-posterior diameters, tenting height, and anatomical regurgitant orifice area. Moreover, the following novel annular parameters were assessed: distance between commissures, distance between TV centroid and commissures, and angles between centroid and commissures. Results: A significant phasic variability during the cardiac cycle existed for all variables except for eccentricity, angles, and distance between the postero-septal and antero-posterior commissure and distance between the centroid and antero-posterior commissure. There was a significant relationship between the TV annulus area and novel annular parameters, except for annular angles. Additionally, novel annular variables were found to predict the annulus area. Conclusions: These novel additional variables may provide an initial platform from which the complexity of the TV annular morphology can continue to be better understood for further improving transcatheter therapies.
2022
10
Cammalleri, V.; Carpenito, M.; De Stefano, D.; Ussia, G. P.; Bono, M. C.; Mega, S.; Nusca, A.; Cocco, N.; Nobile, E.; De Filippis, A.; Vitez, L.; Quattrocchi, C. C.; Grigioni, F.
Novel Computed Tomography Variables for Assessing Tricuspid Valve Morphology: Results from the TRIMA (Tricuspid Regurgitation IMAging) Study / Cammalleri, V.; Carpenito, M.; De Stefano, D.; Ussia, G. P.; Bono, M. C.; Mega, S.; Nusca, A.; Cocco, N.; Nobile, E.; De Filippis, A.; Vitez, L.; Quattrocchi, C. C.; Grigioni, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:10(2022), pp. 282501-282512. [10.3390/jcm11102825]
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