Background: Social cognition deficits are reported in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the availability of tasks for the clinical assessment is still limited, preventing the full characterization of socio-cognitive dysfunctions in neurological patients. This study aims to present a new task to assess the recognition of complex mental states from faces (FACE test), reporting normative data for the Italian population and an example of its clinical application to 40 PD patients. Methods: Two-hundred twenty-nine Italian participants with at least 5 years of education were enrolled. Data were analyzed according to the method of equivalent scores; test-retest reliability and convergent validity were assessed. Two short versions of the FACE test were defined for clinical and research purposes. The prevalence of deficits in the FACE test was computed in the PD sample, as well as correlations with cognitive performance and diagnostic accuracy. Results: Regression analyses revealed significant effects of demographic variables on FACE performance, with younger and more educated individuals showing higher scores. Twenty-eight percent of PD patients showed borderline/pathological performance, which was correlated with emotion recognition/attribution abilities, and attentive-executive functions. The FACE test was accurate (80%) in distinguishing PD patients with socio-cognitive dysfunctions from both controls and PD patients without emotion recognition/attribution difficulties. Conclusion: The FACE test represents a new tool assessing the ability to recognize complex mental states from facial expressions. Overall, these results support its use in both clinical and research settings, as well as the presence of affective processing deficits in a subsample of PD patients.

The FACE test: a new neuropsychological task to assess the recognition of complex mental states from faces / Terruzzi, Stefano; Funghi, Giulia; Meli, Claudia; Barozzi, Nicole; Zappini, Francesca; Papagno, Costanza; Dodich, Alessandra. - In: NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1590-3478. - 2023:(2023). [10.1007/s10072-023-06697-w]

The FACE test: a new neuropsychological task to assess the recognition of complex mental states from faces

Stefano Terruzzi;Giulia Funghi;Claudia Meli;Francesca Zappini;Costanza Papagno;Alessandra Dodich
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Social cognition deficits are reported in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the availability of tasks for the clinical assessment is still limited, preventing the full characterization of socio-cognitive dysfunctions in neurological patients. This study aims to present a new task to assess the recognition of complex mental states from faces (FACE test), reporting normative data for the Italian population and an example of its clinical application to 40 PD patients. Methods: Two-hundred twenty-nine Italian participants with at least 5 years of education were enrolled. Data were analyzed according to the method of equivalent scores; test-retest reliability and convergent validity were assessed. Two short versions of the FACE test were defined for clinical and research purposes. The prevalence of deficits in the FACE test was computed in the PD sample, as well as correlations with cognitive performance and diagnostic accuracy. Results: Regression analyses revealed significant effects of demographic variables on FACE performance, with younger and more educated individuals showing higher scores. Twenty-eight percent of PD patients showed borderline/pathological performance, which was correlated with emotion recognition/attribution abilities, and attentive-executive functions. The FACE test was accurate (80%) in distinguishing PD patients with socio-cognitive dysfunctions from both controls and PD patients without emotion recognition/attribution difficulties. Conclusion: The FACE test represents a new tool assessing the ability to recognize complex mental states from facial expressions. Overall, these results support its use in both clinical and research settings, as well as the presence of affective processing deficits in a subsample of PD patients.
2023
Terruzzi, Stefano; Funghi, Giulia; Meli, Claudia; Barozzi, Nicole; Zappini, Francesca; Papagno, Costanza; Dodich, Alessandra
The FACE test: a new neuropsychological task to assess the recognition of complex mental states from faces / Terruzzi, Stefano; Funghi, Giulia; Meli, Claudia; Barozzi, Nicole; Zappini, Francesca; Papagno, Costanza; Dodich, Alessandra. - In: NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1590-3478. - 2023:(2023). [10.1007/s10072-023-06697-w]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/372367
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