Purpose – This study aims to analyze how the interplay between hard and soft elements of total quality management (TQM) produces the conditions for sustaining success in the quest for quality. Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative analysis (Gioia method) was carried out on an original dataset collected through both direct and indirect methods (i.e. archival sources, interviews and observations) to generate a new interpretive framework. Findings – The interpretative framework identifies four categories of elements: trigger elements create the starting conditions for a quality virtuous cycle; benchmarking tools set the standards of performance; improvement tools enable exploration of the space of possible alternative practices and finally, catalytic forces allow the institutionalization of effective techniques discovered in this search process into new standards. Research limitations/implications – The findings the authors present in this paper are derived by a single case study, limiting the generalizability of our results in other settings. Practical implications – This study has three implications: first, the design of trigger elements is critical for the success of any TQM initiative; second, the interplay of improvement and benchmarking tools at several levels should be coherent and third, to exploit the potential of TQM, efforts should be devoted to the dissemination of new effective practices by means of catalyzing elements. Originality/value – The model provides a more specific understanding of the nature and purpose of the hard and soft elements of TQM and the dynamic interaction between the two classes of elements over time.

Leveraging the hard and soft elements of TQM: the interplay of benchmarking and improvement processes / Filippi, Emilia; Gaio, Loris; Zamarian, Marco. - In: THE TQM JOURNAL. - ISSN 1754-2731. - ELETTRONICO. - 2023:(2023). [10.1108/TQM-01-2022-0045]

Leveraging the hard and soft elements of TQM: the interplay of benchmarking and improvement processes

Filippi, Emilia;Gaio, Loris;Zamarian, Marco
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose – This study aims to analyze how the interplay between hard and soft elements of total quality management (TQM) produces the conditions for sustaining success in the quest for quality. Design/methodology/approach – A qualitative analysis (Gioia method) was carried out on an original dataset collected through both direct and indirect methods (i.e. archival sources, interviews and observations) to generate a new interpretive framework. Findings – The interpretative framework identifies four categories of elements: trigger elements create the starting conditions for a quality virtuous cycle; benchmarking tools set the standards of performance; improvement tools enable exploration of the space of possible alternative practices and finally, catalytic forces allow the institutionalization of effective techniques discovered in this search process into new standards. Research limitations/implications – The findings the authors present in this paper are derived by a single case study, limiting the generalizability of our results in other settings. Practical implications – This study has three implications: first, the design of trigger elements is critical for the success of any TQM initiative; second, the interplay of improvement and benchmarking tools at several levels should be coherent and third, to exploit the potential of TQM, efforts should be devoted to the dissemination of new effective practices by means of catalyzing elements. Originality/value – The model provides a more specific understanding of the nature and purpose of the hard and soft elements of TQM and the dynamic interaction between the two classes of elements over time.
2023
Filippi, Emilia; Gaio, Loris; Zamarian, Marco
Leveraging the hard and soft elements of TQM: the interplay of benchmarking and improvement processes / Filippi, Emilia; Gaio, Loris; Zamarian, Marco. - In: THE TQM JOURNAL. - ISSN 1754-2731. - ELETTRONICO. - 2023:(2023). [10.1108/TQM-01-2022-0045]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/372061
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