Background: Dyskerin is a nuclear protein involved in H/ACA box snoRNA-guided uridine modification of RNA. In humans, its defective function is associated with cancer development and induces specific post-transcriptional alterations of gene expression. In this study, we seek to unbiasedly identify mRNAs regulated by dyskerin in human breast cancer-derived cells. Results: We find that dyskerin depletion affects the expression and the association with polysomes of selected mRNA isoforms characterized by the retention of H/ACA box snoRNA-containing introns. These snoRNA retaining transcripts (snoRTs) are bound by dyskerin in the cytoplasm in the form of shorter 3' snoRT fragments. We then characterize the whole cytoplasmic dyskerin RNA interactome and find both H/ACA box snoRTs and protein-coding transcripts which may be targeted by the snoRTs' guide properties. Since a fraction of these protein-coding transcripts is involved in the nuclear hormone receptor binding, we test to see if this specific activity is affected by dyskerin. Obtained results indicate that dyskerin dysregulation may alter the dependence on nuclear hormone receptor ligands in breast cancer cells. These results are paralleled by consistent observations on the outcome of primary breast cancer patients stratified according to their tumor hormonal status. Accordingly, experiments in nude mice show that the reduction of dyskerin levels in estrogen-dependent cells favors xenograft development in the absence of estrogen supplementation. Conclusions: Our work suggests a cytoplasmic function for dyskerin which could affect mRNA post-transcriptional networks relevant for nuclear hormone receptor functions.

Human dyskerin binds to cytoplasmic H/ACA-box-containing transcripts affecting nuclear hormone receptor dependence / Zacchini, F.; Venturi, G.; De Sanctis, V.; Bertorelli, R.; Ceccarelli, C.; Santini, D.; Taffurelli, M.; Penzo, M.; Trere, D.; Inga, A.; Dassi, E.; Montanaro, L.. - In: GENOME BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1474-760X. - 23:1(2022), pp. 17701-17723. [10.1186/s13059-022-02746-3]

Human dyskerin binds to cytoplasmic H/ACA-box-containing transcripts affecting nuclear hormone receptor dependence

De Sanctis V.;Bertorelli R.;Inga A.;Dassi E.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Dyskerin is a nuclear protein involved in H/ACA box snoRNA-guided uridine modification of RNA. In humans, its defective function is associated with cancer development and induces specific post-transcriptional alterations of gene expression. In this study, we seek to unbiasedly identify mRNAs regulated by dyskerin in human breast cancer-derived cells. Results: We find that dyskerin depletion affects the expression and the association with polysomes of selected mRNA isoforms characterized by the retention of H/ACA box snoRNA-containing introns. These snoRNA retaining transcripts (snoRTs) are bound by dyskerin in the cytoplasm in the form of shorter 3' snoRT fragments. We then characterize the whole cytoplasmic dyskerin RNA interactome and find both H/ACA box snoRTs and protein-coding transcripts which may be targeted by the snoRTs' guide properties. Since a fraction of these protein-coding transcripts is involved in the nuclear hormone receptor binding, we test to see if this specific activity is affected by dyskerin. Obtained results indicate that dyskerin dysregulation may alter the dependence on nuclear hormone receptor ligands in breast cancer cells. These results are paralleled by consistent observations on the outcome of primary breast cancer patients stratified according to their tumor hormonal status. Accordingly, experiments in nude mice show that the reduction of dyskerin levels in estrogen-dependent cells favors xenograft development in the absence of estrogen supplementation. Conclusions: Our work suggests a cytoplasmic function for dyskerin which could affect mRNA post-transcriptional networks relevant for nuclear hormone receptor functions.
2022
1
Zacchini, F.; Venturi, G.; De Sanctis, V.; Bertorelli, R.; Ceccarelli, C.; Santini, D.; Taffurelli, M.; Penzo, M.; Trere, D.; Inga, A.; Dassi, E.; Montanaro, L.
Human dyskerin binds to cytoplasmic H/ACA-box-containing transcripts affecting nuclear hormone receptor dependence / Zacchini, F.; Venturi, G.; De Sanctis, V.; Bertorelli, R.; Ceccarelli, C.; Santini, D.; Taffurelli, M.; Penzo, M.; Trere, D.; Inga, A.; Dassi, E.; Montanaro, L.. - In: GENOME BIOLOGY. - ISSN 1474-760X. - 23:1(2022), pp. 17701-17723. [10.1186/s13059-022-02746-3]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/372058
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