The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration’s image of the compact object at the Galactic center is the first direct evidence of the supermassive black hole (BH) Sgr A*. The shadow of Sgr A* has an angular diameter dsh = 48.7 ± 7 μas with fractional deviation from the Schwarzschild BH shadow diameter d = -0.08^+0.09_-0.09, -0.04^+0.09_-0.10 (for the VLTI and Keck mass-to-distance ratios). Sgr A*ʼs shadow size is within 10% of Kerr predictions, equipping us with yet another tool to analyze gravity in the strong-field regime, including testing loop quantum gravity (LQG). We use Sgr A*ʼs shadow to constrain the metrics of two well-motivated LQG-inspired rotating BH (LIRBH) models characterized by an additional deviation parameter Lq, which recover the Kerr spacetime in the absence of quantum effects (Lq->0). When increasing the quantum effects through Lq, the shadow size increases monotonically, while the shape gets more distorted, allowing us to constrain the fundamental parameter Lq. We use the astrophysical observables shadow area A and oblateness D to estimate the BH parameters. It may be useful in extracting additional information about LIRBHs. While the EHT observational results completely rule out the wormhole region in LIRBH-2, a substantial parameter region of the generic BHs in both models agrees with the EHT results. We find that the upper bounds on Lq obtained from the shadow of SgrA* - Lq<~0.0423 and Lq<~0.0821 for the two LIRBHs, respectively - are more stringent than those obtained from the EHT image of M87*.

Tests of Loop Quantum Gravity from the Event Horizon Telescope Results of Sgr A* / Afrin, Misba; Vagnozzi, Sunny; Ghosh, Sushant G.. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - 944:2(2023), p. 149. [10.3847/1538-4357/acb334]

Tests of Loop Quantum Gravity from the Event Horizon Telescope Results of Sgr A*

Vagnozzi, Sunny;
2023-01-01

Abstract

The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) collaboration’s image of the compact object at the Galactic center is the first direct evidence of the supermassive black hole (BH) Sgr A*. The shadow of Sgr A* has an angular diameter dsh = 48.7 ± 7 μas with fractional deviation from the Schwarzschild BH shadow diameter d = -0.08^+0.09_-0.09, -0.04^+0.09_-0.10 (for the VLTI and Keck mass-to-distance ratios). Sgr A*ʼs shadow size is within 10% of Kerr predictions, equipping us with yet another tool to analyze gravity in the strong-field regime, including testing loop quantum gravity (LQG). We use Sgr A*ʼs shadow to constrain the metrics of two well-motivated LQG-inspired rotating BH (LIRBH) models characterized by an additional deviation parameter Lq, which recover the Kerr spacetime in the absence of quantum effects (Lq->0). When increasing the quantum effects through Lq, the shadow size increases monotonically, while the shape gets more distorted, allowing us to constrain the fundamental parameter Lq. We use the astrophysical observables shadow area A and oblateness D to estimate the BH parameters. It may be useful in extracting additional information about LIRBHs. While the EHT observational results completely rule out the wormhole region in LIRBH-2, a substantial parameter region of the generic BHs in both models agrees with the EHT results. We find that the upper bounds on Lq obtained from the shadow of SgrA* - Lq<~0.0423 and Lq<~0.0821 for the two LIRBHs, respectively - are more stringent than those obtained from the EHT image of M87*.
2023
2
Afrin, Misba; Vagnozzi, Sunny; Ghosh, Sushant G.
Tests of Loop Quantum Gravity from the Event Horizon Telescope Results of Sgr A* / Afrin, Misba; Vagnozzi, Sunny; Ghosh, Sushant G.. - In: THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0004-637X. - 944:2(2023), p. 149. [10.3847/1538-4357/acb334]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/371788
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