Argonaute 2 (AGO2) is a ubiquitously expressed protein critical for regulation of mRNA translation and vital to animal development. AGO2 protein is found in both cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments, and although its cytoplasmic role is well studied, the biological relevance of nuclear AGO2 is unclear. Here, we address this problem in vivo using spermatogenic cells as a model. We find that AGO2 transiently binds both chromatin and nucleus-specific mRNA transcripts of hundreds of genes required for sperm production during male meiosis in mice, and that germline conditional knockout (cKO) of Ago2 causes depletion of the encoded proteins. Correspondingly, Ago2 cKO males show abnormal sperm head morphology and reduced sperm count, along with reduced postnatal viability of offspring. Together, our data reveal an unexpected nuclear role for AGO2 in enhancing expression of developmentally important genes during mammalian male reproduction.

Widespread association of the Argonaute protein AGO2 with meiotic chromatin suggests a distinct nuclear function in mammalian male reproduction / Griffin, K. N.; Walters, B. W.; Li, H.; Wang, H.; Biancon, G.; Tebaldi, T.; Kaya, C. B.; Kanyo, J.; Lam, T. T.; Cox, A. L.; Halene, S.; Chung, J. -J.; Lesch, B. J.. - In: GENOME RESEARCH. - ISSN 1088-9051. - 32:9(2022), pp. 1655-1668. [10.1101/gr.276578.122]

Widespread association of the Argonaute protein AGO2 with meiotic chromatin suggests a distinct nuclear function in mammalian male reproduction

Tebaldi T.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Argonaute 2 (AGO2) is a ubiquitously expressed protein critical for regulation of mRNA translation and vital to animal development. AGO2 protein is found in both cytoplasmic and nuclear compartments, and although its cytoplasmic role is well studied, the biological relevance of nuclear AGO2 is unclear. Here, we address this problem in vivo using spermatogenic cells as a model. We find that AGO2 transiently binds both chromatin and nucleus-specific mRNA transcripts of hundreds of genes required for sperm production during male meiosis in mice, and that germline conditional knockout (cKO) of Ago2 causes depletion of the encoded proteins. Correspondingly, Ago2 cKO males show abnormal sperm head morphology and reduced sperm count, along with reduced postnatal viability of offspring. Together, our data reveal an unexpected nuclear role for AGO2 in enhancing expression of developmentally important genes during mammalian male reproduction.
2022
9
Griffin, K. N.; Walters, B. W.; Li, H.; Wang, H.; Biancon, G.; Tebaldi, T.; Kaya, C. B.; Kanyo, J.; Lam, T. T.; Cox, A. L.; Halene, S.; Chung, J. -J.; Lesch, B. J.
Widespread association of the Argonaute protein AGO2 with meiotic chromatin suggests a distinct nuclear function in mammalian male reproduction / Griffin, K. N.; Walters, B. W.; Li, H.; Wang, H.; Biancon, G.; Tebaldi, T.; Kaya, C. B.; Kanyo, J.; Lam, T. T.; Cox, A. L.; Halene, S.; Chung, J. -J.; Lesch, B. J.. - In: GENOME RESEARCH. - ISSN 1088-9051. - 32:9(2022), pp. 1655-1668. [10.1101/gr.276578.122]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/369951
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