Nature-based solutions (NBS) are gaining relevance as sustainable urban actions because of their potential to provide multiple benefits in the form of ecosystem services (ES), and thus mitigate urban challenges. This paper presents an original semi-dynamic modelling framework that simultaneously considers i) ES supply and demand dynamics, ii) negative environmental impacts, externalities, and financial costs derived from NBS, and iii) life cycle NBS impacts beyond the use phase. Compared to other models, it also aims to be valuable for urban planning actions at site level, i.e., for evaluating the net impacts of specific urban NBS projects. To validate the modelling framework, a proof-of-concept model for urban forests is developed and tested for a case study in Madrid (Spain). The modelling framework is split in two interrelated parts: foreground (dynamic modelling) and background (static modelling). In the foreground, the environmental impacts derived from the use phase of an NBS project are quantified considering its spatio-temporal dynamism, by making use of system dynamics. In the background, the environmental impacts derived from the rest of the life cycle phases of the NBS are quantified making use of steady state life cycle impact assessment. The net economic impact of the NBS project, considering both financial values and externalities, is eventually calculated in the background encompassing all the life cycle phases. Results from the case study illustrate how planning, design, and management decisions over the entire life cycle of an urban forest can influence the net environmental and economic performance of this type of NBS. A discussion is provided to inform on how the modelling framework can help moving beyond the state-of-the-art, and how the derived model can be used for sustainability assessments of urban NBS projects.

Modelling the Net Environmental and Economic Impacts of Urban Nature-Based Solutions by Combining Ecosystem Services, System Dynamics and Life Cycle Thinking: An Application to Urban Forests / Babi Almenar, J.; Petucco, C.; Sonnemann, G.; Geneletti, D.; Elliot, T.; Rugani, B.. - In: ECOSYSTEM SERVICES. - ISSN 2212-0416. - 2023, 60:(2023), p. 101506. [10.1016/j.ecoser.2022.101506]

Modelling the Net Environmental and Economic Impacts of Urban Nature-Based Solutions by Combining Ecosystem Services, System Dynamics and Life Cycle Thinking: An Application to Urban Forests

Babi Almenar J.;Geneletti D.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Nature-based solutions (NBS) are gaining relevance as sustainable urban actions because of their potential to provide multiple benefits in the form of ecosystem services (ES), and thus mitigate urban challenges. This paper presents an original semi-dynamic modelling framework that simultaneously considers i) ES supply and demand dynamics, ii) negative environmental impacts, externalities, and financial costs derived from NBS, and iii) life cycle NBS impacts beyond the use phase. Compared to other models, it also aims to be valuable for urban planning actions at site level, i.e., for evaluating the net impacts of specific urban NBS projects. To validate the modelling framework, a proof-of-concept model for urban forests is developed and tested for a case study in Madrid (Spain). The modelling framework is split in two interrelated parts: foreground (dynamic modelling) and background (static modelling). In the foreground, the environmental impacts derived from the use phase of an NBS project are quantified considering its spatio-temporal dynamism, by making use of system dynamics. In the background, the environmental impacts derived from the rest of the life cycle phases of the NBS are quantified making use of steady state life cycle impact assessment. The net economic impact of the NBS project, considering both financial values and externalities, is eventually calculated in the background encompassing all the life cycle phases. Results from the case study illustrate how planning, design, and management decisions over the entire life cycle of an urban forest can influence the net environmental and economic performance of this type of NBS. A discussion is provided to inform on how the modelling framework can help moving beyond the state-of-the-art, and how the derived model can be used for sustainability assessments of urban NBS projects.
2023
Babi Almenar, J.; Petucco, C.; Sonnemann, G.; Geneletti, D.; Elliot, T.; Rugani, B.
Modelling the Net Environmental and Economic Impacts of Urban Nature-Based Solutions by Combining Ecosystem Services, System Dynamics and Life Cycle Thinking: An Application to Urban Forests / Babi Almenar, J.; Petucco, C.; Sonnemann, G.; Geneletti, D.; Elliot, T.; Rugani, B.. - In: ECOSYSTEM SERVICES. - ISSN 2212-0416. - 2023, 60:(2023), p. 101506. [10.1016/j.ecoser.2022.101506]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Modelling+the+net+environmental+and+economic+impacts+of+urban+nature-based+solutions+by+combining+ecosystem+services_compressed (1).pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.48 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.48 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/369549
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 12
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact