Recent estimates from the Council of Europe (CoE), rates Romani presence in Europe around 10-12 million individuals. In an imaginary Europe without geo-political borders, these estimates raise Romani population to the 9th most populous community, immediately after Belgians. Notwithstanding their numerical proportion and their historical presence in Europe, both international and national legal instruments designed for minorities are currently unable to comprehensively protect and promote Roma rights. Because of their diffuse and still partially nomadic presence, the existing legal instruments are inappropriate to effectively accommodate Romani needs because they are still ensuing from a Westphalian paradigm which identifies one people in relation with a precise territorial area. Indeed, these legal instruments either apply to social groups traditionally resident in a country (“old†minorities) or to migrants (“new†minorities) but cannot apply to Roma who on the one hand are traditionally living in Europe (as “old†minorities) and on the other hand are still moving from one country to the other (as “new†minorities). This study investigates the possibility of identifying a minimum European set of rights for Roma by means of two complementary conceptual frameworks. The first comparatively identifies best legal practices at the national levels, whereas the second, taking into account the specific distinctive features of Roma compared to other groups, proposes the adaptation of international legal instruments designed for indigenous people to Roma as a ‘European transnational people’. In its comparative part, this study analyzes the legal protection of Roma in terms of, linguistic, social-economic and cultural rights as well as in terms of political representation. The proposal for adapting indigenous peoples’ rights draws from the case of Sami in Northern Scandinavia as the only example of a European indigenous people living transnationally in Europe. The results of this study contribute, both theoretically and practically, to the scientific debate on the protection of non-territorial minorities and of indigenous people in Europe.

The Legal Status of Roma in Europe: between National Minority and Transnational People / Memo, Sara. - (2013), pp. 1-403.

The Legal Status of Roma in Europe: between National Minority and Transnational People

Memo, Sara
2013-01-01

Abstract

Recent estimates from the Council of Europe (CoE), rates Romani presence in Europe around 10-12 million individuals. In an imaginary Europe without geo-political borders, these estimates raise Romani population to the 9th most populous community, immediately after Belgians. Notwithstanding their numerical proportion and their historical presence in Europe, both international and national legal instruments designed for minorities are currently unable to comprehensively protect and promote Roma rights. Because of their diffuse and still partially nomadic presence, the existing legal instruments are inappropriate to effectively accommodate Romani needs because they are still ensuing from a Westphalian paradigm which identifies one people in relation with a precise territorial area. Indeed, these legal instruments either apply to social groups traditionally resident in a country (“old†minorities) or to migrants (“new†minorities) but cannot apply to Roma who on the one hand are traditionally living in Europe (as “old†minorities) and on the other hand are still moving from one country to the other (as “new†minorities). This study investigates the possibility of identifying a minimum European set of rights for Roma by means of two complementary conceptual frameworks. The first comparatively identifies best legal practices at the national levels, whereas the second, taking into account the specific distinctive features of Roma compared to other groups, proposes the adaptation of international legal instruments designed for indigenous people to Roma as a ‘European transnational people’. In its comparative part, this study analyzes the legal protection of Roma in terms of, linguistic, social-economic and cultural rights as well as in terms of political representation. The proposal for adapting indigenous peoples’ rights draws from the case of Sami in Northern Scandinavia as the only example of a European indigenous people living transnationally in Europe. The results of this study contribute, both theoretically and practically, to the scientific debate on the protection of non-territorial minorities and of indigenous people in Europe.
2013
XXV
International Studies
Woelk, Jens
Inglese
Settore IUS/21 - Diritto Pubblico Comparato
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
MEMO_PhD_Dissertation.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Tesi di dottorato (Doctoral Thesis)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 2.52 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.52 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/368101
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact