Modern industrial processes aim for the continuous production of small volumes tailored to the customer’s needs. Machines and robotic platforms have to be more and more adaptable, flexible, and able to cope with complex scenarios where sensing and manipulation capabilities are the key technology to succeed. The literature has plenty of capacitive, resistive, piezoelectric, and piezoresistive sensors used as tactile or force sensors. All of them present some drawbacks like non-linear behavior, sensitivity to temperature or electromagnetic noise, and hysteresis, among others. Other sensing systems are bulky and hard to integrate, sometimes jeopardizing the dexterity and manipulability of the gripper. In this context, the manuscript proposes fiber Bragg grating (FBG) optical fiber as a tactile sensing element to capture the interaction forces during material handling and object manipulation since it has numerous advantages compared with the other sensing devices. The work also offers a methodology to easily integrate the fiber in industrial grippers and introduces a set of tests useful to characterize the sensors. Custom gripper fingers have been realized in rapid prototyping to present a pictorial example of such an integration. Finally, the essay presents some experiments that assess the capability of a tactile sensor based on FBG optical fiber showing as it can correctly perceive the contact forces (NRMSE = 0.75%) and can recognize the material of the object that is being manipulated. The authors believe that the application of optical fiber sensor as tactile feedback can be useful in industrial scenarios to enable complex manipulation activities.

On the integration of FBG sensing technology into robotic grippers / Tripicchio, Paolo; D’Avella, Salvatore; Avizzano, Carlo Alberto; Di Pasquale, Fabrizio; Velha, Philippe. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0268-3768. - 111:3-4(2020), pp. 1173-1185. [10.1007/s00170-020-06142-8]

On the integration of FBG sensing technology into robotic grippers

Velha, Philippe
Ultimo
2020-01-01

Abstract

Modern industrial processes aim for the continuous production of small volumes tailored to the customer’s needs. Machines and robotic platforms have to be more and more adaptable, flexible, and able to cope with complex scenarios where sensing and manipulation capabilities are the key technology to succeed. The literature has plenty of capacitive, resistive, piezoelectric, and piezoresistive sensors used as tactile or force sensors. All of them present some drawbacks like non-linear behavior, sensitivity to temperature or electromagnetic noise, and hysteresis, among others. Other sensing systems are bulky and hard to integrate, sometimes jeopardizing the dexterity and manipulability of the gripper. In this context, the manuscript proposes fiber Bragg grating (FBG) optical fiber as a tactile sensing element to capture the interaction forces during material handling and object manipulation since it has numerous advantages compared with the other sensing devices. The work also offers a methodology to easily integrate the fiber in industrial grippers and introduces a set of tests useful to characterize the sensors. Custom gripper fingers have been realized in rapid prototyping to present a pictorial example of such an integration. Finally, the essay presents some experiments that assess the capability of a tactile sensor based on FBG optical fiber showing as it can correctly perceive the contact forces (NRMSE = 0.75%) and can recognize the material of the object that is being manipulated. The authors believe that the application of optical fiber sensor as tactile feedback can be useful in industrial scenarios to enable complex manipulation activities.
2020
3-4
Tripicchio, Paolo; D’Avella, Salvatore; Avizzano, Carlo Alberto; Di Pasquale, Fabrizio; Velha, Philippe
On the integration of FBG sensing technology into robotic grippers / Tripicchio, Paolo; D’Avella, Salvatore; Avizzano, Carlo Alberto; Di Pasquale, Fabrizio; Velha, Philippe. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0268-3768. - 111:3-4(2020), pp. 1173-1185. [10.1007/s00170-020-06142-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/364825
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