Here we report the synthesis of thermosetting resins from low molar mass Kraft lignin fractions of high functionality, refined by solvent extraction. Such fractions were fully characterized by31P NMR, 2D-HSQC NMR, SEC, and DSC in order to obtain a detailed description of the structures. Reactive oxirane moieties were introduced on the lignin backbone under mild reaction conditions and quantified by simple1H NMR analysis. The modified fractions were chemically cross-linked with a flexible polyether diamine ( Mn≈ 2000), in order to obtain epoxy thermosets. Epoxies from different lignin fractions, studied by DSC, DMA, tensile tests, and SEM, demonstrated substantial differences in terms of thermo-mechanical properties. For the first time, strong relationships between lignin structures and epoxy properties could be demonstrated. The suggested approach provides unprecedented possibilities to tune network structure and properties of thermosets based on real lignin fractions, rather than model compounds.

Tunable Thermosetting Epoxies Based on Fractionated and Well-Characterized Lignins / Gioia, Claudio; Lo Re, Giada; Lawoko, Martin; Berglund, Lars. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-7863. - ELETTRONICO. - 140:11(2018), pp. 4054-4061. [10.1021/jacs.7b13620]

Tunable Thermosetting Epoxies Based on Fractionated and Well-Characterized Lignins

Gioia, Claudio
;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Here we report the synthesis of thermosetting resins from low molar mass Kraft lignin fractions of high functionality, refined by solvent extraction. Such fractions were fully characterized by31P NMR, 2D-HSQC NMR, SEC, and DSC in order to obtain a detailed description of the structures. Reactive oxirane moieties were introduced on the lignin backbone under mild reaction conditions and quantified by simple1H NMR analysis. The modified fractions were chemically cross-linked with a flexible polyether diamine ( Mn≈ 2000), in order to obtain epoxy thermosets. Epoxies from different lignin fractions, studied by DSC, DMA, tensile tests, and SEM, demonstrated substantial differences in terms of thermo-mechanical properties. For the first time, strong relationships between lignin structures and epoxy properties could be demonstrated. The suggested approach provides unprecedented possibilities to tune network structure and properties of thermosets based on real lignin fractions, rather than model compounds.
2018
11
Gioia, Claudio; Lo Re, Giada; Lawoko, Martin; Berglund, Lars
Tunable Thermosetting Epoxies Based on Fractionated and Well-Characterized Lignins / Gioia, Claudio; Lo Re, Giada; Lawoko, Martin; Berglund, Lars. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-7863. - ELETTRONICO. - 140:11(2018), pp. 4054-4061. [10.1021/jacs.7b13620]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/364804
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