Aromatic material constituents derived from renewable resources are attractive for new biobased polymer systems. Lignin, derived from lignocellulosic biomass, is the most abundant natural source of such structures. Technical lignins are, however, heterogeneous in both structure and polydispersity and require a refining to obtain a more reproducible material. In this paper the ethanol-soluble fraction of Lignoboost Kraft lignin is selectively allylated using allyl chloride by means of a mild and industrially scalable procedure. Analysis using1H-,31P-, and 2D HSQC NMR give a detailed structural description of lignin, providing evidence of its functionalization and that the suggested procedure is selective toward phenols with a conversion of at least 95%. The selectively modified lignin is subsequently cross-linked using thermally induced thiol-ene chemistry. FT-IR is utilized to confirm the cross-linking reaction, and DSC measurements determined the Tgof the thermosets to be 45-65 °C depending on reactive group stoichiometry. The potential of lignin as a constituent in a thermoset application is demonstrated and discussed.

Renewable Thiol-Ene Thermosets Based on Refined and Selectively Allylated Industrial Lignin / Jawerth, Marcus; Johansson, Mats; Lundmark, Stefan; Gioia, Claudio; Lawoko, Martin. - In: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2168-0485. - ELETTRONICO. - 5:11(2017), pp. 10918-10925. [10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02822]

Renewable Thiol-Ene Thermosets Based on Refined and Selectively Allylated Industrial Lignin

Gioia, Claudio
;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Aromatic material constituents derived from renewable resources are attractive for new biobased polymer systems. Lignin, derived from lignocellulosic biomass, is the most abundant natural source of such structures. Technical lignins are, however, heterogeneous in both structure and polydispersity and require a refining to obtain a more reproducible material. In this paper the ethanol-soluble fraction of Lignoboost Kraft lignin is selectively allylated using allyl chloride by means of a mild and industrially scalable procedure. Analysis using1H-,31P-, and 2D HSQC NMR give a detailed structural description of lignin, providing evidence of its functionalization and that the suggested procedure is selective toward phenols with a conversion of at least 95%. The selectively modified lignin is subsequently cross-linked using thermally induced thiol-ene chemistry. FT-IR is utilized to confirm the cross-linking reaction, and DSC measurements determined the Tgof the thermosets to be 45-65 °C depending on reactive group stoichiometry. The potential of lignin as a constituent in a thermoset application is demonstrated and discussed.
2017
11
Jawerth, Marcus; Johansson, Mats; Lundmark, Stefan; Gioia, Claudio; Lawoko, Martin
Renewable Thiol-Ene Thermosets Based on Refined and Selectively Allylated Industrial Lignin / Jawerth, Marcus; Johansson, Mats; Lundmark, Stefan; Gioia, Claudio; Lawoko, Martin. - In: ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING. - ISSN 2168-0485. - ELETTRONICO. - 5:11(2017), pp. 10918-10925. [10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02822]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/364798
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