Objective: Post-stroke delirium (PSD) is a frequent and with regard to outcome unfavorable complication in acute stroke. The neurobiological mechanisms predisposing to PSD remain poorly understood, and biomarkers predicting its risk have not been established. We tested the hypothesis that hypoexcitable or disconnected brain networks predispose to PSD by measuring brain reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation with electroencephalography (TMS-EEG). Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 33 acute stroke patients within 48 hours of stroke onset. Brain reactivity to single-pulse TMS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, primary motor cortex and superior parietal lobule of the right hemisphere was quantified by response intensity, effective connectivity, perturbational complexity index (PCIST), and natural frequency of the TMS-EEG response. PSD development was clinically tracked every 8 hours before and for 7 days following TMS-EEG. Results: Fourteen patients developed PSD while 19 patients did not. The PSD group showed lower excitability, effective connectivity, PCIST and natural frequency compared to the non-PSD group. The maximum PCIST over all three TMS sites demonstrated largest classification accuracy with a ROC-AUC of 0.943. This effect was independent of lesion size, affected hemisphere and stroke severity. Maximum PCIST and maximum natural frequency correlated inversely with delirium duration. Conclusions: Brain reactivity to TMS-EEG can unravel brain network states of reduced excitability, effective connectivity, perturbational complexity and natural frequency that identify acute stroke patients at high risk for development of delirium. Significance: Findings provide novel insight into the pathophysiology of pre-delirium brain states and may promote effective delirium prevention strategies in those patients at high risk.

Cortical reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation predicts risk of post-stroke delirium / Bai, Yang; Belardinelli, Paolo; Thoennes, Catrina; Blum, Corinna; Baur, David; Laichinger, Kornelia; Lindig, Tobias; Ziemann, Ulf; Mengel, Annerose. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1388-2457. - 2023, 148:(2023), pp. 97-108. [10.1016/j.clinph.2022.11.017]

Cortical reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation predicts risk of post-stroke delirium

Belardinelli, Paolo;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Post-stroke delirium (PSD) is a frequent and with regard to outcome unfavorable complication in acute stroke. The neurobiological mechanisms predisposing to PSD remain poorly understood, and biomarkers predicting its risk have not been established. We tested the hypothesis that hypoexcitable or disconnected brain networks predispose to PSD by measuring brain reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation with electroencephalography (TMS-EEG). Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 33 acute stroke patients within 48 hours of stroke onset. Brain reactivity to single-pulse TMS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, primary motor cortex and superior parietal lobule of the right hemisphere was quantified by response intensity, effective connectivity, perturbational complexity index (PCIST), and natural frequency of the TMS-EEG response. PSD development was clinically tracked every 8 hours before and for 7 days following TMS-EEG. Results: Fourteen patients developed PSD while 19 patients did not. The PSD group showed lower excitability, effective connectivity, PCIST and natural frequency compared to the non-PSD group. The maximum PCIST over all three TMS sites demonstrated largest classification accuracy with a ROC-AUC of 0.943. This effect was independent of lesion size, affected hemisphere and stroke severity. Maximum PCIST and maximum natural frequency correlated inversely with delirium duration. Conclusions: Brain reactivity to TMS-EEG can unravel brain network states of reduced excitability, effective connectivity, perturbational complexity and natural frequency that identify acute stroke patients at high risk for development of delirium. Significance: Findings provide novel insight into the pathophysiology of pre-delirium brain states and may promote effective delirium prevention strategies in those patients at high risk.
2023
Bai, Yang; Belardinelli, Paolo; Thoennes, Catrina; Blum, Corinna; Baur, David; Laichinger, Kornelia; Lindig, Tobias; Ziemann, Ulf; Mengel, Annerose
Cortical reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation predicts risk of post-stroke delirium / Bai, Yang; Belardinelli, Paolo; Thoennes, Catrina; Blum, Corinna; Baur, David; Laichinger, Kornelia; Lindig, Tobias; Ziemann, Ulf; Mengel, Annerose. - In: CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 1388-2457. - 2023, 148:(2023), pp. 97-108. [10.1016/j.clinph.2022.11.017]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/363426
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