We present a novel staggered semi-implicit hybrid finite volume / finite element method for the numerical solution of the shallow water equations at all Froude numbers on unstructured meshes. A semi-discretization in time of the conservative Saint-Venant equations with bottom friction terms leads to its decomposition into a first order hyperbolic subsystem containing the nonlinear convective term and a second order wave equation for the pressure. For the spatial discretization of the free surface elevation an unstructured mesh composed of triangular simplex elements is considered, whereas a dual grid of the edge-type is employed for the computation of the depth-averaged momentum vector. The first stage of the proposed algorithm consists in the solution of the nonlinear convective subsystem using an explicit Godunov-type finite volume method on the staggered dual grid. Next, a classical continuous finite element scheme provides the free surface elevation at the vertices of the primal simplex mesh. The semi-implicit strategy followed in this paper circumvents the contribution of the surface wave celerity to the CFL-type time step restriction, hence making the proposed algorithm well-suited for the solution of low Froude number flows. It can be shown that in the low Froude number limit the proposed algorithm reduces to a semi-implicit hybrid FV/FE projection method for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. At the same time, the conservative formulation of the governing equations also allows the discretization of high Froude number flows with shock waves. As such, the new hybrid FV/FE scheme can be considered an all-Froude number solver, able to deal simultaneously with both, subcritical as well as supercritical flows. Besides, the algorithm is well balanced by construction. The accuracy of the overall methodology is studied numerically and the C-property is proven theoretically and is also validated via numerical experiments. The numerical solution of several Riemann problems, including flat bottom and a bottom with jumps, attests the robustness of the new method to deal also with flows containing bores and discontinuities. Finally, a 3D dam break problem over a dry bottom is studied and our numerical results are successfully compared with numerical reference solutions obtained for the 3D free surface NavierStokes equations and with available experimental reference data.(c) 2022 IMACS. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

A Staggered Semi-implicit Hybrid Finite Volume / Finite Element Scheme for the Shallow Water Equations at All Froude Numbers / Busto, S.; Dumbser, M.. - In: APPLIED NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS. - ISSN 0168-9274. - 2022, 175:(2022), pp. 108-132. [10.1016/j.apnum.2022.02.005]

A Staggered Semi-implicit Hybrid Finite Volume / Finite Element Scheme for the Shallow Water Equations at All Froude Numbers

M. Dumbser
2022-01-01

Abstract

We present a novel staggered semi-implicit hybrid finite volume / finite element method for the numerical solution of the shallow water equations at all Froude numbers on unstructured meshes. A semi-discretization in time of the conservative Saint-Venant equations with bottom friction terms leads to its decomposition into a first order hyperbolic subsystem containing the nonlinear convective term and a second order wave equation for the pressure. For the spatial discretization of the free surface elevation an unstructured mesh composed of triangular simplex elements is considered, whereas a dual grid of the edge-type is employed for the computation of the depth-averaged momentum vector. The first stage of the proposed algorithm consists in the solution of the nonlinear convective subsystem using an explicit Godunov-type finite volume method on the staggered dual grid. Next, a classical continuous finite element scheme provides the free surface elevation at the vertices of the primal simplex mesh. The semi-implicit strategy followed in this paper circumvents the contribution of the surface wave celerity to the CFL-type time step restriction, hence making the proposed algorithm well-suited for the solution of low Froude number flows. It can be shown that in the low Froude number limit the proposed algorithm reduces to a semi-implicit hybrid FV/FE projection method for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. At the same time, the conservative formulation of the governing equations also allows the discretization of high Froude number flows with shock waves. As such, the new hybrid FV/FE scheme can be considered an all-Froude number solver, able to deal simultaneously with both, subcritical as well as supercritical flows. Besides, the algorithm is well balanced by construction. The accuracy of the overall methodology is studied numerically and the C-property is proven theoretically and is also validated via numerical experiments. The numerical solution of several Riemann problems, including flat bottom and a bottom with jumps, attests the robustness of the new method to deal also with flows containing bores and discontinuities. Finally, a 3D dam break problem over a dry bottom is studied and our numerical results are successfully compared with numerical reference solutions obtained for the 3D free surface NavierStokes equations and with available experimental reference data.(c) 2022 IMACS. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2022
Busto, S.; Dumbser, M.
A Staggered Semi-implicit Hybrid Finite Volume / Finite Element Scheme for the Shallow Water Equations at All Froude Numbers / Busto, S.; Dumbser, M.. - In: APPLIED NUMERICAL MATHEMATICS. - ISSN 0168-9274. - 2022, 175:(2022), pp. 108-132. [10.1016/j.apnum.2022.02.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/360562
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