New physics increasing the expansion rate just prior to recombination is among the least unlikely solutions to the Hubble tension and would be expected to leave an important signature in the early integrated Sachs-Wolfe (eISW) effect, a source of cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies arising from the time variation of gravitational potentials when the Universe was not completely matter dominated. Why, then, is there no clear evidence for new physics from the CMB alone, and why does the Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) model fit CMB data so well? These questions and the vastness of the Hubble tension theory model space provide the motivation for general consistency tests of ΛCDM. I perform an eISW-based consistency test of ΛCDM introducing the parameter AeISW, which rescales the eISW contribution to the CMB power spectra. A fit to Planck CMB data yields AeISW=0.988±0.027, in perfect agreement with the ΛCDM expectation AeISW=1 and posing an important challenge for early-time new physics, which I illustrate in a case study focused on early dark energy (EDE). I explicitly show that the increase in ωc needed for EDE to preserve the fit to the CMB, which has been argued to worsen the fit to weak lensing and galaxy clustering measurements, is specifically required to lower the amplitude of the eISW effect, which would otherwise exceed ΛCDM's prediction by ≈20%: this is a generic problem beyond EDE that likely applies to most models enhancing the expansion rate around recombination. Early-time new physics models invoked to address the Hubble tension are therefore faced with the significant challenge of making a similar prediction to ΛCDM for the eISW effect while not degrading the fit to other measurements in doing so.

Consistency tests of ΛCDM from the early integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect: Implications for early-time new physics and the Hubble tension / Vagnozzi, Sunny. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 104:6(2021), p. 063524. [10.1103/physrevd.104.063524]

Consistency tests of ΛCDM from the early integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect: Implications for early-time new physics and the Hubble tension

Sunny Vagnozzi
2021-01-01

Abstract

New physics increasing the expansion rate just prior to recombination is among the least unlikely solutions to the Hubble tension and would be expected to leave an important signature in the early integrated Sachs-Wolfe (eISW) effect, a source of cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies arising from the time variation of gravitational potentials when the Universe was not completely matter dominated. Why, then, is there no clear evidence for new physics from the CMB alone, and why does the Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) model fit CMB data so well? These questions and the vastness of the Hubble tension theory model space provide the motivation for general consistency tests of ΛCDM. I perform an eISW-based consistency test of ΛCDM introducing the parameter AeISW, which rescales the eISW contribution to the CMB power spectra. A fit to Planck CMB data yields AeISW=0.988±0.027, in perfect agreement with the ΛCDM expectation AeISW=1 and posing an important challenge for early-time new physics, which I illustrate in a case study focused on early dark energy (EDE). I explicitly show that the increase in ωc needed for EDE to preserve the fit to the CMB, which has been argued to worsen the fit to weak lensing and galaxy clustering measurements, is specifically required to lower the amplitude of the eISW effect, which would otherwise exceed ΛCDM's prediction by ≈20%: this is a generic problem beyond EDE that likely applies to most models enhancing the expansion rate around recombination. Early-time new physics models invoked to address the Hubble tension are therefore faced with the significant challenge of making a similar prediction to ΛCDM for the eISW effect while not degrading the fit to other measurements in doing so.
2021
6
Vagnozzi, Sunny
Consistency tests of ΛCDM from the early integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect: Implications for early-time new physics and the Hubble tension / Vagnozzi, Sunny. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 104:6(2021), p. 063524. [10.1103/physrevd.104.063524]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PhysRevD.104.063524.pdf

Solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 665.47 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
665.47 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/360441
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 119
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 114
social impact