We propose a method for identifying an ectopic activation in the heart non-invasively. Ectopic activity in the heart can trigger deadly arrhythmias. The localization of the ectopic foci or earliest activation sites (EASs) is therefore a critical information for cardiologists in deciding the optimal treatment. In this work, we formulate the identification problem as a global optimization problem, by minimizing the mismatch between the ECG predicted by a cardiac model, when paced at a given EAS, and the observed ECG during the ectopic activity. Our cardiac model amounts at solving an anisotropic eikonal equation for cardiac activation and the forward bidomain model in the torso with the lead field approach for computing the ECG. We build a Gaussian process surrogate model of the loss function on the heart surface to perform Bayesian optimization. In this procedure, we iteratively evaluate the loss function following the lower confidence bound criterion, which combines exploring the surface with exploitation of the minimum region. We also extend this framework to incorporate multiple levels of fidelity of the model. We show that our procedure converges to the minimum only after 11.7 ± 10.4 iterations (20 independent runs) for the single-fidelity case and 3.5 ± 1.7 iterations for the multi-fidelity case. We envision that this tool could be applied in real time in a clinical setting to identify potentially dangerous EASs.

Learning cardiac activation maps from 12-lead ECG with multi-fidelity Bayesian optimization on manifolds / Pezzuto, Simone; Perdikaris, Paris; Costabal, Francisco Sahli. - In: IFAC PAPERSONLINE. - ISSN 2405-8971. - ELETTRONICO. - 55:20(2022), pp. 175-180. [10.1016/j.ifacol.2022.09.091]

Learning cardiac activation maps from 12-lead ECG with multi-fidelity Bayesian optimization on manifolds

Pezzuto, Simone
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

We propose a method for identifying an ectopic activation in the heart non-invasively. Ectopic activity in the heart can trigger deadly arrhythmias. The localization of the ectopic foci or earliest activation sites (EASs) is therefore a critical information for cardiologists in deciding the optimal treatment. In this work, we formulate the identification problem as a global optimization problem, by minimizing the mismatch between the ECG predicted by a cardiac model, when paced at a given EAS, and the observed ECG during the ectopic activity. Our cardiac model amounts at solving an anisotropic eikonal equation for cardiac activation and the forward bidomain model in the torso with the lead field approach for computing the ECG. We build a Gaussian process surrogate model of the loss function on the heart surface to perform Bayesian optimization. In this procedure, we iteratively evaluate the loss function following the lower confidence bound criterion, which combines exploring the surface with exploitation of the minimum region. We also extend this framework to incorporate multiple levels of fidelity of the model. We show that our procedure converges to the minimum only after 11.7 ± 10.4 iterations (20 independent runs) for the single-fidelity case and 3.5 ± 1.7 iterations for the multi-fidelity case. We envision that this tool could be applied in real time in a clinical setting to identify potentially dangerous EASs.
2022
20
Pezzuto, Simone; Perdikaris, Paris; Costabal, Francisco Sahli
Learning cardiac activation maps from 12-lead ECG with multi-fidelity Bayesian optimization on manifolds / Pezzuto, Simone; Perdikaris, Paris; Costabal, Francisco Sahli. - In: IFAC PAPERSONLINE. - ISSN 2405-8971. - ELETTRONICO. - 55:20(2022), pp. 175-180. [10.1016/j.ifacol.2022.09.091]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/360216
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